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Cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV major depressive episode

  • Evelyn Bromet1Email author,
  • Laura Helena Andrade2,
  • Irving Hwang3,
  • Nancy A Sampson3,
  • Jordi Alonso4,
  • Giovanni de Girolamo5,
  • Ron de Graaf6,
  • Koen Demyttenaere7,
  • Chiyi Hu8,
  • Noboru Iwata9,
  • Aimee N Karam10,
  • Jagdish Kaur11,
  • Stanislav Kostyuchenko12,
  • Jean-Pierre Lépine13,
  • Daphna Levinson14,
  • Herbert Matschinger15,
  • Maria Elena Medina Mora16,
  • Mark Oakley Browne17,
  • Jose Posada-Villa18,
  • Maria Carmen Viana19,
  • David R Williams20 and
  • Ronald C Kessler3
BMC Medicine20119:90

DOI: 10.1186/1741-7015-9-90

Received: 9 June 2011

Accepted: 26 July 2011

Published: 26 July 2011

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Open Peer Review reports

Pre-publication versions of this article and author comments to reviewers are available by contacting

Original Submission
9 Jun 2011 Submitted Original manuscript
Resubmission - Version 2
Submitted Manuscript version 2
Resubmission - Version 3
Submitted Manuscript version 3
Resubmission - Version 4
Submitted Manuscript version 4
9 Jun 2011 Author responded Author comments - Ronald Kessler
Resubmission - Version 5
9 Jun 2011 Submitted Manuscript version 5
Resubmission - Version 6
Submitted Manuscript version 6
17 Jun 2011 Author responded Author comments - Ronald Kessler
Resubmission - Version 7
17 Jun 2011 Submitted Manuscript version 7
26 Jul 2011 Editorially accepted
26 Jul 2011 Article published 10.1186/1741-7015-9-90

How does Open Peer Review work?

Open peer review is a system where authors know who the reviewers are, and the reviewers know who the authors are. If the manuscript is accepted, the named reviewer reports are published alongside the article. Pre-publication versions of the article and author comments to reviewers are available by contacting All previous versions of the manuscript and all author responses to the reviewers are also available.

You can find further information about the peer review system here.

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Putnam Hall - South Campus
Section of Psychiatric Epidemiology - LIM 23, Institute of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo Medical School
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School
Health Services Research Unit, IMIM (Hospital del Mar Research Institute), Barcelona, Spain and CIBER en Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP)
IRCCS Centro S. Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli
Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Gasthuisberg
Shenzhen Institute of Mental Health & Shenzhen Kangning Hospital
Department of Clinical Psychology, Hiroshima International University
Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, Saint George Hospital University Medical Center, Balamand University Medical School and the Institute for Development, Research, Advocacy and Applied Care (IDRAAC)
Directorate General of Health Services
Ukrainian Psychiatric Association
Hôpital Lariboisière Fernand Widal, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris INSERM U 705, CNRS UMR 7157 University Paris Diderot and Paris Descartes Paris
Research & Planning, Mental Health Services Ministry of Health
Institute of Social Medicine, Occupational Health and Public Health University of Leipzig
National Institute of Psychiatry
The University of Tasmania Statewide and Clinical Director Dept of Health and Human Services New Town
Instituto Colombiano del Sistema Nervioso
Section of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Institute of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health