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Table 2 Baseline patient characteristics by clusters (n = 49,173).

From: Mortality and guideline-concordant care for older patients with schizophrenia: a retrospective longitudinal study

  high-consistent care, n = 20,854 Moderate-consistent care, n = 18,218 poor-decreasing care, n = 10,101
Age, years1 57.8 ± 8.0 60.3 ± 9.5 62.2 ± 10.1
SCI1 4.37 ± 2.3 3.48 ± 2.1 3.31 ± 2.1
CCS1 1.16 ± 1.6 0.91 ± 1.5 0.82 ± 1.3
Ethnicity, n (%)    
   White 13,602 (65.2) 12,069 (66.3) 6,574 (65.1)
   Black 6,529 (31.3) 5,000 (27.5) 2,588 (25.6)
   Other 289 (1.4) 242 (1.3) 127 (1.3)
   Hispanic 2,518 (12.1) 1,513 (8.3) 560 (5.5)
   Unknown 434 (2.1) 907 (5.0) 812 (8.0)
Marital status    
   Single (never married) 7,548 (36.2) 7,243 (39.8) 4,459 (44.1)
   Married 6,317 (30.3) 4,937 (27.1) 2,079 (20.6)
   Divorced 6,049 (29.0) 4,945 (27.1) 2,869 (28.4)
   Widowed 703 (3.4) 765 (4.2) 492 (4.9)
   Priority 1 status 12,232 (58.7) 9,616 (52.8) 4,339 (43.0)
   Mortality 5,491 (26.3) 6,585 (36.2) 3,126 (31.0)
Antipsychotic adherence    
   Good 6,640 (31.8) 4,737 (26.0) 1,709 (16.9)
   Poor 11,700 (56.1) 10,203 (56.0) 5,446 (53.9)
   Irregular 2,514 (12.1) 3,278 (18.0) 2,946 (29.2)
Medical/physical diagnoses    
   Anemia 1,348 (6.5) 1,071 (5.9) 516 (5.1)
   Angina 648 (3.1) 348 (1.9) 152 (1.5)
   Cancer 1,481 (7.1) 1,237 (6.8) 451 (4.5)
   Cataracts 2,932 (14.1) 1,555 (8.5) 792 (7.8)
   Congestive heart failure 715 (3.4) 613 (3.4) 267 (2.6)
   COPD 3,526 (16.9) 2,753 (15.1) 1,203 (11.9)
   Diabetes mellitus per Selim 6,724 (32.2) 3,217 (17.7) 1,482 (14.7)
   Hepatitis 1,676 (8.0) 796 (4.4) 314 (3.1)
   Hypertension 10,876 (52.2) 7,128 (39.1) 3,058 (30.3)
   Dyslipidemia 7,999 (38.4) 4,547 (25.0) 1,601 (15.9)
   Cardiac arrhythmias 962 (4.6) 660 (3.6) 318 (3.2)
   Lower back pain 3,269 (15.7) 1,835 (10.1) 768 (7.6)
   Myocardial infarction 528 (2.5) 431 (2.4) 188 (1.9)
   Nicotine dependence 5,897 (28.3) 3,770 (20.7) 1,762 (17.4)
   Obesity 3,614 (17.3) 1,649 (9.1) 657 (6.5)
   Peripheral vascular disease 658 (3.2) 485 (2.7) 256 (2.5)
   Chronic renal disease 616 (3.0) 503 (2.8) 225 (2.2)
   Stroke 596 (2.9) 488 (2.7) 338 (3.4)
   Urinary tract infection 662 (3.2) 548 (3.0) 274 (2.7)
Mental health disorders    
   Alcohol 3,507 (16.8) 1,859 (10.2) 1,082 (10.7)
   Anxiety 2,210 (10.6) 1,357 (7.5) 654 (6.5)
   Bipolar disorder 3,163 (15.2) 1,796 (9.9) 1,039 (10.3)
   Depression 5,548 (26.6) 3,199 (17.6) 1,741 (17.2)
   PTSD 3,541 (17.0) 1,744 (9.6) 790 (7.8)
  1. Abbreviations: CCS, Charlson Comorbidity Score; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; SCI, Selim Comorbidity Index; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.
  2. 1Data are mean ± SD (median) (range).