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Table 5 Mean change of outcomes for the whole study sample

From: Rest versus exercise as treatment for patients with low back pain and Modic changes. a randomized controlled clinical trial

Outcome Follow-up Mean difference
(95% CI)
P
Pain Post-treatment 0.6 (0.2 to 1.0) 0.004
NRS (0-10) One-year 0.8 (0.3 to 1.3) 0.003
Disability Post-treatment 1.5 (0.7 to 2.2) 0.000
RMQ-23 One-year 2.2 (1.1 to 3.2) 0.000
General health Post-treatment -0.04 (-0.07 to -0.005) 0.02
EQ index One-year -0.03 (-0.08 to -0.01) 0.18
General health Post-treatment -4 (-8.7 to 0.7) 0.09
EQ VAS One-year -5 (-9.4 to -0.5) 0.03
Depression Post-treatment 3.0 (1.8 to 11.3) 0.000
BDI One-year 1.7 (0.8 to 2.7) 0.000
  1. Mean differences, confidence interval (CI) and P-values for outcome measures at baseline, post-treatment and at one-year follow-up. BDI, Beck Depression Inventory; EQ-5D, EuroQol; NRS, numeric rating scale; RMQ, Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire.