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Table 1 The main neglected tropical diseases for which there are single dose treatments available for disease control.

From: The role of nutrition in integrated programs to control neglected tropical diseases

Group Generic name or disease Species Geographical
distribution
Vector or intermediate host Main drugs available to treat infections Control measures
Nematode Large roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides Worldwide None, as
all species are directly
soil-transmitted
Albendazole
Mebendazole
Oxantel/pyrantel
Sanitation,
personal hygiene
  Whipworm Trichuris trichiura     
  Hookworm Ancylostoma duodenale Worldwide    Sanitation,
wearing shoes
  Hookworm Necator americanus     
Nematode Lymphatic filariasis Wuchereria bancrofti Worldwide Mosquitoes DEC or Ivermectin +
Albendazole
Mosquito
control
  Lymphatic filariasis Brugia malayi South Asia    
Nematode River blindness Onchocerca volvulus Africa, South America Black flies Ivermectin Black fly control
Trematode Urinary schistosomiasis Schistosoma haematobium Africa Fresh-water snails Praziquantel Snail control, sanitation and behavior change
  Intestinal
schistosomiasis
Schistosoma mansoni Africa, South America    
  Intestinal
schistosomiasis
Schistosoma japonicum Asia    
Bacterium Trachoma Chlamydia trachomatis Worldwide Fliesa Azithromycin or Tetracycline Fly control,
personal hygiene
  1. aNo developmental stage, transmission is passive.