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Table 1 Estimates of effects in Model 5 for Part 1, Part 2 and PACES.

From: Resitting a high-stakes postgraduate medical examination on multiple occasions: nonlinear multilevel modelling of performance in the MRCP(UK) examinations

   Part 1 Part 2 PACES
Starting value (s) Mean (fixed effect) -4.60
(.025 ***)
3.14
(.051 ***)
-1.120
(.0474 ***)
  Standard deviation (random effect) 11.2
(.048 ***)
6.63
(.046 ***)
4.98
(.0614 ***)
Maximum (m) Mean (fixed effect) 9.77
(0.475 ***)
6.33
(.349 ***)
4.42
(.989 ***)
  Standard deviation (random effect) 11.43
(.458 ***)
6.00
(.367 ***)
4.64
(.512 ***)
Rate of growth (b) Mean (fixed effect) -.318
(.025 ***)
-.376
(.046 ***)
-.396
(.098 ***)
  Standard deviation (random effect) .375
(.025 ***)
.869
(.219 ***)
.203
(.148 NS)
Correlation of Starting value with Maximum value .534
(.029 ***)
.169
(.065 **)
.668
(.082 ***)
Correlation of Starting value with Rate of Growth -.228
(.044 ***)
-.274
(.117 *)
-.946
(.009 NS)
Correlation of Rate of Growth with Maximum .357
(.053 ***)
.167
(.153 NS)
-.337
(.787 NS)
  1. Standard errors are indicated in brackets, along with the significance level: *** P < .001; l ** P < .01; * P < .05; NS Not significant. PACES, Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills.