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Table 1 Estimates of effects in Model 5 for Part 1, Part 2 and PACES.

From: Resitting a high-stakes postgraduate medical examination on multiple occasions: nonlinear multilevel modelling of performance in the MRCP(UK) examinations

   Part 1 Part 2 PACES
Starting value (s) Mean (fixed effect) -4.60 (.025 ***) 3.14 (.051 ***) -1.120 (.0474 ***)
  Standard deviation (random effect) 11.2 (.048 ***) 6.63 (.046 ***) 4.98 (.0614 ***)
Maximum (m) Mean (fixed effect) 9.77 (0.475 ***) 6.33 (.349 ***) 4.42 (.989 ***)
  Standard deviation (random effect) 11.43 (.458 ***) 6.00 (.367 ***) 4.64 (.512 ***)
Rate of growth (b) Mean (fixed effect) -.318 (.025 ***) -.376 (.046 ***) -.396 (.098 ***)
  Standard deviation (random effect) .375 (.025 ***) .869 (.219 ***) .203 (.148 NS)
Correlation of Starting value with Maximum value .534 (.029 ***) .169 (.065 **) .668 (.082 ***)
Correlation of Starting value with Rate of Growth -.228 (.044 ***) -.274 (.117 *) -.946 (.009 NS)
Correlation of Rate of Growth with Maximum .357 (.053 ***) .167 (.153 NS) -.337 (.787 NS)
  1. Standard errors are indicated in brackets, along with the significance level: *** P < .001; l ** P < .01; * P < .05; NS Not significant. PACES, Practical Assessment of Clinical Examination Skills.