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Table 5 The organized care indicatorsa, b

From: A cluster randomized trial to assess the effect of clinical pathways for patients with stroke: results of the clinical pathways for effective and appropriate care study

Variables Clinical pathway, n = 238 No intervention, n = 238 Between-group difference, OR (95% CI) P-valuec
Admission to stroke unit 132/226 (58.4) (51.7 to 64.9) 32/197 (16.2) (11.4 to 22.2) 7.24 (4.45 to 11.82) < 0.001
Stay in stroke unit within 24 hours after admission and until the end of in-hospital rehabilitation 94/117 (80.3) (72.0 to 87.1) 4/31 (12.9) (3.6 to 29.8) 27.59 (8.06 to 104.10) < 0.001
Use of case managers (physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses specialized in stroke care) 223/224 (99.6) (97.5 to 100.0) 104/192 (54.2) (46.8 to 61.4) 188.69 (27.93 to 3697.86) < 0.001
Use of stroke team 220/222 (99.1) (96.8 to 99.9) 82/126 (65.1) (56.1 to 73.4) 59.02 (13.57 to 360.39) < 0.001
Assessment of rehabilitation needs by a member of the stroke team within 48 hours after admission 217/225 (96.4) (93.1 to 98.5) 126/219 (57.5) (50.7 to 64.2) 20.02 (9.04 to 46.12) < 0.001
Patients' needs assessment and planning rate for post-discharge services 201/209 (96.2) (92.6 to 98.3) 68/168 (40.5) (33.0 to 48.3) 32.84 (15.08 to 73.81) < 0.001
Follow-up rate within 3 months after discharge (by specialist/stroke team) 63/64 (98.4) (91.6 to 100.0) 0/27 (0.0) (0.0 to 12.8) 28.00 (4.09 to 191.88) < 0.001
  1. aBecause of missing data denominators used to calculate percentages may differ from group totals (clinical pathway versus no intervention).
  2. bValues are n/total n (%) (95% CI) unless otherwise indicated.
  3. c P-values represent comparison of each characteristic between two groups (clinical pathway versus no intervention), and all P-values are two-sided.