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Table 5 Mean costs per different health outcome comparing different RV vaccination strategies under base-case assumptions (RV1) using a healthcare provider perspective

From: Targeted rotavirus vaccination of high-risk infants; a low cost and highly cost-effective alternative to universal vaccination

  Targeted versus no vaccination Universal versus no vaccination Universal versus targeted vaccination
Costs (€) a    
per case avoided 21 174 191
per life year saved 2,400 96,600 894,000
per fatal case 0.03b 1.03b 21.60b
per QALY gained 2,600 60,200 162,000
  1. aA discount rate of 3% was used for both costs and effects; b€million. QALY, quality-adjusted life year; RV, rotavirus.