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Table 2 Primary outcomes

From: Additional Saturday rehabilitation improves functional independence and quality of life and reduces length of stay: a randomized controlled trial

Outcome Groups Difference between groups
Admission Discharge Month 6 Month 12 Discharge, Int - Con Month 6, Int - Con Month 12, Int - Con
Int Con Int Con Int Con Int Con    
FIM total 84 (19) 84 (20) 106 (18) 104 (20) 109 (17) 107 (19) 109 (17) 108 (19) 2.3 (0.5 to 4.1)*; P = 0.01 2.0 (0.0 to 4.0)*; P = 0.05 1.3 (−0.9 to 3.5); P = 0.24
Mobility score 16 (7) 16 (7) 26 (6) 25 (7) 28 (7) 28 (7) 29 (7) 28 (8) 1.0 (0.3 to 1.6)*; P = 0.006 0.6 (−0.2 to 1.3); P = 0.14 0.6 (−0.3 to 1.4); P = 0.19
Self-care score 27 (8) 27 (8) 36 (7) 35 (8) 37 (7) 36 (8) 37 (8) 37 (8) 0.6 (−0.2 to 1.3); P = 0.13 0.8 (−0.1 to 1.7); P = 0.09 0.4 (−0.6 to 1.4); P = 0.41
EQ-5D VAS (0 to 100) 57 (21) 56 (22) 71 (19) 70 (17) 71 (20) 70 (21) 71 (20) 70 (19) 1.1 (−1.0 to 3.2); P = 0.30 0.3 (−2.2 to 2.8); P = 0.84 0.8 (0 to 1.6); P = 0.59
EQ-5D utility index 0.32 (0.35) 0.37 (0.35) 0.65 (0.28) 0.62 (0.28) 0.63 (0.36) 0.61 (0.37) 0.64 (0.39) 0.64 (0.34) 0.04 (0.01 to 0.07)*; P = 0.009 0.03 (−0.01 to 0.08); P = 0.15 0.01 (−0.04 to 0.05); P = 0.77
  1. Intervention (Int) n = 496, control (Con) n = 500; intervention = Monday to Saturday rehabilitation, control = Monday to Friday rehabilitation). Mean (SD) of groups and mean (95% CI) difference between groups at admission, discharge, 6 months and 12 months are shown.
  2. *P ≤0.05.
  3. EQ-5D EuroQoL five dimensions questionnaire, FIM functional independence measure, VAS visual analog scale.