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Table 6 Neonatal and maternal outcomes for well performing intervention clusters and control clusters in the same strata for the entire intervention and restricted to the last six months of the intervention

From: A combined community- and facility-based approach to improve pregnancy outcomes in low-resource settings: a Global Network cluster randomized trial

  Group  
  Well performing intervention clusters Control clusters same strata P-value
Clusters, N 33 36  
Outcomes for full intervention period    
Births ≥1,000 g, N 40,897 42,662  
Primary outcome - Mean (95% CI)    
  Perinatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 40.6 (37.0, 44.1) 40.4 (37.0, 43.7) 0.9404
Secondary outcomes - Mean (95% CI)    
  Stillbirths (Rate/1,000) 21.8 (19.2, 24.5) 23.3 (21.0, 25.6) 0.4087
  Fresh stillbirth (Rate/1,000) 14.9 (12.5, 17.3) 15.7 (14.0, 17.4) 0.5504
  Early neonatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 19.2 (17.6, 20.8) 17.8 (16.2, 19.3) 0.2095
  Neonatal mortality (<28 days) (Rate/1,000) 24.6 (22.6, 26.7) 21.9 (20.0, 23.7) 0.0516
  Fresh stillbirths + neonatal deaths <7 days (Rate/1,000) 33.9 (30.6, 37.1) 33.2 (30.4, 36.0) 0.7365
  Maternal mortality (<42 days) (Rate/100,000) 103.2 (71.7, 148.5) 108.5 (76.0, 154.8) 0.7425
Outcomes for final six months of intervention period    
Births ≥1,000 g, N 10,514 10,568  
Primary outcome - Mean (95% CI)    
  Perinatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 38.1 (33.6, 42.6) 41.3 (36.5, 46.1) 0.3666
Secondary outcomes - Mean (95% CI)    
  Stillbirths (Rate/1,000) 21.3 (18.0, 24.6) 23.2 (19.4, 27.0) 0.4976
  Fresh stillbirth (Rate / 1,000) 14.4 (11.3, 17.5) 13.3 (10.9, 15.8) 0.6080
  Early neonatal mortality (<7 days) (Rate/1,000) 17.7 (14.8, 20.6) 18.7 (15.7, 21.7) 0.6118
  Neonatal mortality (<28 days) (Rate/1,000) 23.0 (19.3, 26.8) 22.8 (19.1, 26.5) 0.9220
  Fresh stillbirths + neonatal deaths <7 days (Rate/1,000) 31.4 (27.3, 35.6) 32.1 (28.7, 35.5) 0.8153