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Table 2 Distribution of results on the evidence of genetic discrimination.

From: Genetic discrimination and life insurance: a systematic review of the evidence

  Results by region studied All studies (33)
Conclusions on the evidence of GD Europe
(11)
US and Canada
(19)
Australia
(5)
Studies on single condition
(n = 19)a
Studies on multiple conditions
(n = 14)a
Validated studies
(n = 8)a
Non-validated studies
(n = 25)a
Overall (n = 33)
(1) GD exists and is a concern 5 8 2 9 5 4 10 14
(2) GD exists but is rare and exceptional 5 10 2 8 8 3 13 16
(3) There was no evidence of GD 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 3
  1. aOut of 33. GD: genetic discrimination.