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Table 2 Summary of factors that may influence LE in people with HIV infection

From: Do people with HIV infection have a normal life expectancy in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy?

Sociodemographic factors Lifestyle/behavioral factors HIV-related factors
Gender Smoking Late HIV diagnosis
Age Alcohol use CD4 count at cART initiation
Co-morbidities related to aging Recreational and injection drug use CD4 count and HIV RNA attained on cART
Ethnic group/country of origin Viral hepatitis co-infection Clinical AIDS prior to cART initiation
Place of residence/neighborhood Sexually transmitted infections Attendance at outpatient clinics
Socioeconomic status   Adherence to cART
  1. Abbreviations: cART, combination antiretroviral therapy; LE, life expectancy.