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Table 3 Top 10 countries with the highest absolute DALYs and the highest proportion of DALYs attributable to suboptimal breastfeeding in 1990 and 2010

From: Can breastfeeding promote child health equity? A comprehensive analysis of breastfeeding patterns across the developing world and what we can learn from them

Absolute DALYs (thousands) Percent of total country DALYs (%)
Rank 1990   2010   1990   2010  
1 25,730 India 10,581 India 26.6 Nicaragua 20.2 Swaziland
2 11,113 China 4,544 Pakistan 24.7 Turkmenistan 18.0 South Africa
3 6,551 Pakistan 3,105 Nigeria 23.2 Brazil 17.2 Lesotho
4 6,233 Nigeria 2,915 Democratic Republic of the Congo 22.4 Azerbaijan 16.9 Yemen
5 4,832 Indonesia 1,600 Indonesia 22.0 Mexico 15.7 Turkmenistan
6 4,052 Brazil 1,481 Ethiopia 20.3 Swaziland 14.9 Azerbaijan
7 4,010 Bangladesh 1,252 China 20.0 Tajikistan 14.3 Namibia
8 2,773 Ethiopia 1,218 Afghanistan 19.5 South Africa 13.6 Pakistan
9 2,612 Egypt 1,002 Burkina Faso 19.5 Yemen 13.5 Tajikistan
10 2,199 Democratic Republic of the Congo 935 Niger 19.4 Egypt 13.3 Myanmar
  1. DALYs, disability adjusted life years.