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Table 1 Baseline information by categories of red and processed meat and poultry consumption and sex in the EPIC cohort.

From: Meat consumption and mortality - results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

  All Red meat Processed meat Poultry
     0 to 9.9 g/day ≥160 g/day 0 to 9.9 g/day ≥160 g/day 0 to 4.9 g/day ≥80 g/day
Men Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to 3)
Age at recruitment (years) 52.3 45.1 -59.1 46.9 38.0 -57.0 53.3 50.1 -57.7 50.7 41.2 -60.1 49.5 43.1 -55.5 51.3 42.6 -59.6 52.3 45.9 -57.8
BMI (kg/m2) 26.1 24.0 -28.5 24.4 22.4 -26.6 27.0 24.9 -29.8 25.8 23.4 -28.4 27.1 24.8 -29.8 25.3 23.2 -27.7 27.4 25.1 -30.1
Energy intake (kcal/day) 2351 1947 -2816 2028 1659 -2459 3101 2680 -3616 2119 1749 -2552 3206 2739 -3750 2216 1814 -2681 2673 2240 -3162
Alcohol intake (g/day) 12.9 4.2 -29.7 8.2 1.7 -19.0 23.4 9.4 -47.2 10.2 2.3 -24.3 19.0 6.1 -40.3 10.3 2.6 -24.4 15.1 3.3 -35.0
Red meat (g/day) 51.0 26.3 -82.4 --    --    32.5 2.9 -63.8 54.0 31.7 -86.7 28.0 4.9 -59.9 65.8 34.8 -100.5
Processed meat (g/day) 33.2 14.7 -58.3 2.0 0.1 -15.9 48.2 26.8 -75.1 --    --    30.1 3.8 -59.7 29.3 13.6 -55.0
Poultry (g/day) 15.1 6.5 -27.6 0.0 0.0 -8.1 24.2 12.4 -38.4 12.2 0.0 -30.2 13.2 5.6 -26.2 --    --   
Vegetable intake (g/day) 149.6 93.0 -246.0 203.3 119.4 -306.3 198.5 130.2 -294.1 284.0 167.6 -433.5 120.4 82.3 -181.4 127.3 75.9 -216.3 233.5 155.5 -346.2
Fruit intake (g/day) 157.0 82.2 -280.7 182.0 97.8 -304.8 142.9 64.7 -254.6 251.1 139.8 -388.0 115.0 66.0 -207.6 135.9 72.0 -242.7 235.2 115.2 -391.3
  Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Never smoker 46191 36.3 5892 50.6 769 28.1 9602 39.6 619 28.7 10707 39.7 745 33.0
Former smoker 47210 37.1 4161 35.7 877 32.1 8570 35.4 816 37.8 9784 36.3 909 40.2
Current smoker 33920 26.6 1592 13.7 1090 39.8 6059 25.0 723 33.5 6449 23.9 606 26.8
Physically inactivea 23258 18.3 2057 17.7 408 14.9 5751 23.7 346 16.0 4854 18.0 397 17.6
Physically activea 31425 24.7 2908 25.0 856 31.3 5055 20.9 559 25.9 6295 23.4 621 27.5
University degree 34429 27.0 5335 45.8 641 23.4 7956 32.8 522 24.2 8859 32.9 479 21.2
Women Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3) Median (Q1 to Q3)
Age at recruitment (years) 50.9 44.8 -57.5 47.8 38.6 -55.5 51.9 47.0 -57.2 51.1 42.0 -58.9 47.7 42.3 -53.8 50.3 42.7 -57.8 51.8 44.6 -58.0
BMI (kg/m2) 24.1 21.9 -27.2 22.9 21.0 -25.5 24.8 22.2 -28.3 23.9 21.6 -27.2 26.6 23.4 -30.7 23.3 21.2 -26.0 26.8 23.8 -30.4
Energy intake (kcal/day) 1871 1548 -2252 1718 1399 -2087 2561 2183 -3057 1730 1430 -2079 2695 2305 -3154 1789 1468 -2156 2053 1687 -2509
Alcohol intake (g/day) 3.5 0.6 -11.1 3.3 0.5 -10.3 6.1 0.8 -18.2 2.6 0.4 -10.0 4.5 0.9 -12.1 3.6 0.6 -10.9 1.9 0.0 -10.1
Red meat (g/day) 33.1 16.1 -56.7 --    --    20.4 2.2 -44.6 38.4 21.7 -65.9 13.8 1.4 -38.2 35.4 16.7 -62.8
Processed meat (g/day) 21.4 9.1 -38.5 4.6 1.0 -20.7 29.9 16.2 -51.4 --    --    15.4 2.0 -34.3 16.7 6.4 -32.4
Poultry (g/day) 12.6 4.6 -22.3 0.6 0.0 -8.1 15.1 0.0 -35.7 8.2 0.0 -19.5 13.2 5.5 -23.8 --    --   
Vegetable intake (g/day) 184.4 117.2 -284.3 219.6 133.8 -327.1 290.8 188.1 -419.2 241.9 150.7 -362.4 159.9 101.3 -244.4 179.8 108.8 -286.1 259.9 171.2 -375.6
Fruit intake (g/day) 209.9 120.1 -324.0 212.7 121.0 -331.9 226.4 122.4 -343.5 251.6 149.9 -377.7 180.5 96.3 -276.4 194.7 110.7 -308.0 257.8 150.0 -411.2
  Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Never smoker 186026 57.9 34149 61.7 640 58.8 53821 63.1 333 53.5 48343 58.4 1671 62.5
Former smoker 72311 22.5 13925 25.2 219 20.1 18263 21.4 125 20.1 19377 23.4 548 20.5
Current smoker 62910 19.6 7255 13.1 230 21.1 13271 15.5 164 26.4 15127 18.3 454 17.0
Physically inactivea 69310 21.6 10273 18.6 278 25.5 22890 26.8 173 27.8 15243 18.4 838 31.4
Physically activea 45458 14.2 8883 16.1 125 11.5 13497 15.8 75 12.1 13749 16.6 377 14.1
University degree 72647 22.6 18870 34.1 295 27.1 23490 27.5 117 18.8 23999 29.0 403 15.1
  1. aas determined using the Cambridge physical activity score (including leisure time and occupational physical activity); physically inactive included the categories 'inactive' and 'moderately inactive', physically active included 'active' and 'moderately active' participants. BMI, body mass index; Q1 to Q3, range between quartiles 1 and 3.
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