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Table 5 Primary and secondary outcomes by level of adherence to intervention at 12 months

From: A multifactorial interdisciplinary intervention reduces frailty in older people: randomized trial

  Adherence
Outcomea <25% (n = 42) 25% to 49% (n = 17) 50% to 74% (n = 23) 75% to 100% (n = 24) P
Frailty 3.24 (2.95 to 3.53) 2.23 (1.76 to 2.70) 2.28 (1.88 to 2.68) 2.12 (1.74 to 2.51) <0.001
Short Physical Performance Battery 4.83 (4.14 to 5.53) 5.58 (4.47 to 6.69) 6.14 (5.21 to 7.08) 7.43 (6.53 to 8.34) <0.001
Lower extremity continuous summary performance score 1.59 (1.44 to 1.73) 1.74 (1.50 to 1.97) 1.91 (1.71 to 2.11) 1.96 (1.77 to 2.15) 0.01
Barthel Index 86.3 (81.8 to 90.8) 91.0 (83.8 to 98.2) 94.0 (87.9 to 100) 91.4 (85.5 to 97.4) 0.21
Geriatric Depression Scale 5.44 (4.78 to 6.11) 4.16 (3.09 to 5.23) 4.32 (3.42 to 5.22) 3.95 (3.07 to 4.83) 0.03
Health-related quality of life (EuroQol-5D visual analog scale) 52.2 (46.9 to 57.6) 51.2 (42.6 to 59.8) 60.0 (52.8 to 67.2) 69.4 (62.3 to 76.4) 0.001
  1. Data presented as adjusted means (95% confidence intervals), adjusted for age, sex, living alone, number of coexisting conditions, Mini Mental State Examination score and baseline values. aVariables as described in the footnote to Table 1.