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Table 1 Associations between Mediterranean diet 1 or olive oil intake 2 and coronary heart disease in European populations

From: Foods and food components in the Mediterranean diet: supporting overall effects

Study [reference] Population (age) Age (yr) Number Follow-up (yr) CVD risk (HR; 95% CI) Pvalue
EPIC Greece [5] Greek adults 20 to 86 22,043 3.67 0.67 (0.47 to 0.94) <0.0011
EPICOR [8] Italian women 35 to 74 29,689 7.85 0.56 (0.31 to 0.99) 0.042
PREDIMED trial [9] Spanish older adults (55 to 80 yr) 55 to 80 7,447 4.8 0.65 (0.47 to 0.89) 0.012
EPIC Spain [10] Spanish adults (29 to 69 yr) 29 to 69 40,142 10.4 0.78 (0.59 to 1.03) 0.0502
  1. 1Two-point increment in Mediterranean diet score.
  2. 2Trend for upper versus lower quartile of olive oil intake.