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Table 3 CSMFs by place of death at ages 5 to 69 years

From: Performance criteria for verbal autopsy-based systems to estimate national causes of death: development and application to the Indian Million Death Study

  Home Hospital Rank order OR: hospital versus homea(95% CI)
Disease Number % Number % Home Hospital
Communicable         
Malaria 1,618 3.7 326 3.0 11 15 1.0 (0.9 to 1.1)
Tuberculosis 4,741 10.8 636 5.9 3 6 0.6 (0.5 to 0.6)
HIV/STI 359 0.8 50 0.5 17 18 0.3 (0.2 to 0.4)
Other infectious diseasesb 6,430 14.6 1,153 10.7 1 2 0.8 (0.8 to 0.9)
Maternal conditions 522 1.2 343 3.2 16 14 3.4 (2.9 to 4.0)
Nutritional conditions 322 0.7 44 0.4 18 19 0.7 (0.5 to 0.9)
Non communicable         
Cancer 4,183 9.5 984 9.1 5 3 0.8 (0.8 to 0.9)
Ischemic heart disease 4,964 11.3 1,590 14.8 2 1 1.2 (1.1 to 1.3)
Stroke (cerebrovascular disease) 3,290 7.5 906 8.4 6 4 1.3 (1.2 to 1.4)
Other CVDc 1,116 2.5 371 3.4 13 12 1.3 (1.1 to 1.4)
Chronic respiratory disease 4,646 10.6 515 4.8 4 9 0.7 (0.6 to 0.7)
Liver cirrhosis 1,707 3.9 545 5.1 10 8 1.0 (0.9 to 1.1)
Other digestive diseases 1,025 2.3 282 2.6 14 17 1.3 (1.2 to 1.5)
Renal and other endocrine diseases 848 1.9 285 2.6 15 16 1.2 (1.1 to 1.4)
Other chronic diseases 2,156 4.9 569 5.3 8 7 0.9 (0.8 to 1.0)
Injuries         
Road traffic accidents 230 0.5 484 4.5 19 11 6.9 (5.8 to 8.1)
Suicides 1,467 3.3 506 4.7 12 10 0.9 (0.8 to 1.0)
Other injuries 1,779 4.0 820 7.6 9 5 1.8 (1.6 to 2.0)
Ill-defined 2,576 5.9 370 3.4 7 13 0.6 (0.5 to 0.7)
Total 43,979 100 10,779 100     
  1. aAdjusted for age, sex, religion (Hindu versus not), education (illiterate versus not), state (poorer nine states versus remaining states), rural/urban; brespiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, vaccine-preventable diseases, meningitis, encephalitis, tropical diseases, acute bacterial sepsis and severe infections, and other infectious and parasitic diseases; crheumatic and hypertensive heart disease, heart failure, and other cardiovascular diseases. Note that most road traffic injury deaths were classified as ‘other’, meaning death did not happen at home or hospital, but at scene of accident or en route elsewhere. CI, confidence interval; CSMFs, cause specific mortality fractions; CVD, cardiovascular disease; MDS, Million Death Study; OR, odds ratio; STI, sexually-transmitted infections.