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Table 4 CSMFs by rural or urban residence at ages 5 to 69 years

From: Performance criteria for verbal autopsy-based systems to estimate national causes of death: development and application to the Indian Million Death Study

  Rural Urban Rank order OR: urban versus rurala(95% CI)
Disease Number % Number % Rural Urban
Communicable         
Malaria 1,857 3.6 237 2.1 11 16 0.8 (0.7 to 0.9)
Tuberculosis 4,870 9.4 844 7.5 3 5 1.0 (0.9 to 1.1)
HIV/STI 365 0.7 74 0.7 18 18 0.9 (0.7 to 1.1)
Other infectious diseasesb 7,312 14.1 990 8.8 1 3 0.8 (0.7 to 0.8)
Maternal conditions 947 1.8 104 0.9 16 17 0.6 (0.5 to 0.8)
Nutritional conditions 345 0.7 42 0.4 19 19 0.8 (0.6 to 1.1)
Non communicable         
Cancer 4,312 8.3 1,199 10.6 5 2 1.1 (1.0 to 1.2)
Ischemic heart disease 5,509 10.6 2,048 18.1 2 1 1.4 (1.3 to 1.5)
Stroke (cerebrovascular disease) 3,579 6.9 947 8.4 7 4 1.0 (1.0 to 1.1)
Other CVDc 1,270 2.4 372 3.3 14 13 1.1 (1.0 to 1.2)
Chronic resp. disease 4,709 9.1 785 6.9 4 6 0.9 (0.8 to 0.9)
Liver cirrhosis 1,857 3.6 606 5.4 11T 8 1.4 (1.3 to 1.6)
Other digestive diseases 1,226 2.4 188 1.7 15 9 0.7 (0.6 to 0.8)
Renal and other endocrine diseases 896 1.7 311 2.8 17 15 1.3 (1.1 to 1.4)
Other chronic diseases 2,423 4.7 603 5.3 9 10 1.1 (1.0 to 1.3)
Injuries         
Road traffic accidents 1,559 3.0 518 4.6 13 11 1.1 (0.9 to 1.3)
Suicides 2,280 4.4 367 3.2 10 14 0.7 (0.6 to 0.8)
Other injuries 3,659 7.1 626 5.5 6 7 0.9 (0.8 to 1.0)
Ill-defined 2,866 5.5 440 3.9 8 12 0.8 (0.7 to 1.0)
Total 51,841 100 11,301 100     
  1. aAdjusted for age, sex, religion (Hindu versus not), education (illiterate versus not), state (poorer nine states versus remaining states), and home/hospital death; brespiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, vaccine-preventable diseases, meningitis, encephalitis, tropical diseases, acute bacterial sepsis and severe infections, and other infectious and parasitic diseases; crheumatic and hypertensive heart disease, heart failure, and other cardiovascular diseases. CI, confidence interval; CSMFs, cause specific mortality fractions; CVD, cardiovascular disease; MDS, Million Death Study; OR, odds ratio; STI, sexually-transmitted infections.