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Table 5 Completeness of causes of death among three classification systems, using MDS 2001–2003 records

From: Performance criteria for verbal autopsy-based systems to estimate national causes of death: development and application to the Indian Million Death Study

  Classification system
Causes of death MDS WHOb GBD
  Number deaths % Number deaths % Number deaths %
Neonates (Age 0 to 28 days)       
 Prematurity and low birth weight 3,631 33.3 2,914 26.8 2,604 23.9
 Birth asphyxia and birth trauma 2,073 19.0 1,870 17.2 2,064 18.9
 Neonatal infectionsa 2,883 26.5 1,261 11.6 1,144 10.5
 All other causes 1,600 14.7 4,707 43.2 4,940 45.4
 Ill-defined conditions 705 6.5 140 1.3 -  
 Deaths missing ICD-10 codes - - - - 140 1.3
 Total deaths: neonates 10,892 100 10,892 100 10,892 100
Under 5 (Age 1 to 59 month)       
 Pneumonia 3,432 28.0 3,409 27.8 3,410 27.8
 Diarrheal diseases 2,716 22.2 2,716 22.2 2,713 22.1
 Malaria 587 4.8 587 4.8 587 4.8
 Other infections/parasitic diseases 2,149 17.5 2,113 17.2 1,709 13.9
 Injuries 757 6.2 757 6.2 722 5.9
 All other causes 1,845 15.0 2,280 18.6 1,259 10.3
 Ill-defined conditions 774 6.3 398 3.2 -  
 Deaths missing ICD-10 codes -    - 1,860 15.2
 Total deaths: 1 to 59 months 12,260 100 12,260 100 12,260 100
Age 5 to 69 years       
Infections, parasitic diseases, maternal and nutritional conditions   
 Malaria 2,094 3.3 2,094 3.3 2,094 3.3
 Tuberculosis 5,714 9.0 5,560 8.8 5,713 9.0
 HIV/STI 439 0.7 416 0.7 431 0.7
 Other infectious diseases 7,005 11.1 7,031 11.1 5,972 9.5
 Maternal conditions 1,053 1.7 1,028 1.6 1,028 1.6
 Nutritional conditions 387 0.6 391 0.6 381 0.6
Noncommunicable conditions   -   -   -
 Cancer 5,511 8.7 5,511 8.7 4,048 6.4
 Heart Diseases 7,557 12.0 7,231 11.5 7,231 11.5
 Stroke 4,526 7.2 4,366 6.9 629 1.0
 Other CVD 1,642 2.6 1,723 2.7 471 0.7
 Chronic respiratory diseases 5,494 8.7 5,327 8.4 5,367 8.5
 Cirrhosis of the liver 2,463 3.9 1,705 2.7 1,726 2.7
 Other digestive diseases 2,248 3.6 834 1.3 1,285 2.0
 Renal/endocrine diseases 2,511 4.0 2,405 3.8 743 1.2
 Other chronic diseases 1,722 2.7 6,407 10.1 1,425 2.3
Injuries   -   -   -
 Road traffic accidents 1,864 3.0 1,990 3.2 1,736 2.7
 Suicides 2,647 4.2 2,647 4.2 2,519 4.0
 Other injuries 4,497 7.1 4,510 7.1 3,916 6.2
All other causes - - 122 0.2 57 0.1
 Ill-defined conditions 3,766 6.0 1,835 2.9 - -
 Deaths missing ICD-10 codes - - 7 0.0 16,368 25.9
 Total deaths: 5 to 69 years 63,140 100 63,140 100 63,140 100
  1. Notes: We devise a separate classification system in the MDS for neonates aged 0 to 28 days and children aged 1 to 59 months owing to few non-communicable deaths. aNeonatal infections include neonatal pneumonia, sepsis and CNS infections; bin WHO classification, except category 99 (ICD-10 codes R95-R99), all other ill-defined causes and other causes not assigned to major disease categories are pooled with un-specific non-communicable diseases. This table shows only ICD-10, R95-R99 under ill-defined. This table does not show redistributed deaths in the GBD. CVD, cardiovascular disease; GBD, Global Burden of Disease; ICD, International Classification of Disease; MDS, Million Death Study; STI, sexually-transmitted infections; WHO, World Health Organization.