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Table 2 Validation results for the InterVA-4 model and PCVA consensus against the pediatric ward COD for the top ten CODs among 134 child deaths

From: Verbal autopsy as a tool for identifying children dying of sickle cell disease: a validation study conducted in Kilifi district, Kenya

Cause of death Sensitivity, % Specificity, % PPV% NPV%
  InterVA-4 PCVA consensus InterVA-4 PCVA consensus InterVA-4 PCVA consensus InterVA-4 PCVA consensus
1.05: Malaria 80 83 83 90 38 50 97 97
1.02: Pneumonia 14 28 94 91 14 41 81 85
3.02: Severe malnutrition 10 47 97 91 10 44 87 92
98: Other unspecified non-communicable disease 9 18 100 92 100 17 92 93
10.06: Congenital malformation 55 73 98 98 67 73 96 98
1.07: Meningitis 12 44 91 94 15 33 93 96
1.03: HIV/AIDS 40 43 88 95 18 24 94 93
1.04: Diarrheal diseases 29 29 96 98 29 40 96 96
4.03: Sickle cell with crisis 83 83 99 98 83 63 99 99
  1. NPV, negative predicted value; PCVA, physician coded verbal autopsy; PPV, positive predictive value.