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Table 1 Population size of cities included in the sample and characteristics of surveys available for these cities

From: Inequalities in child mortality in ten major African cities

  Population Earlier surveys (n in city) More recent surveys (n in city)
City, country City (thousands) Country (thousands) % in city Name, year n birthsa n deaths <5a Name, year n birthsa n deaths <5a
Cairo, Egypt 11,031 78,076 14% DHS 2000 1281 44 DHS 2008 1,109 43
Lagos, Nigeria 10,788 159,708 7% DHS 2003 311 25 DHS 2008b 1,158 92
Kinshasa, DRC 8,415 62,191 14% - - - DHS 2007 1,708 146
Luanda, Angola 4,790 19,549 25% -c - - MIS 2011 2,873 181
Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire 4,151 18,977 22% DHS 1998-99 1059 112 DHS 2011-12 1,204 100
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 3,415 44,973 8% DHS 1999 295 32 DHS 2010d 323 30
Nairobi, Kenya 3,237 40,909 8% DHS 1998 361 21 DHS 2008-09 730 40
Dakar, Senegal 2,926 12,951 23% DHS 1997 1145 86 DHS 2010-11 1,162 58
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2,919 87,095 3% DHS 2000 1042 120 DHS 2011 832 41
Accra, Ghana 2,469 24,263 10% DHS 1998 432 18 DHS 2008e 365 16
  1. aIn years 0 to 9 prior to survey; bDHS 2008 was selected instead of MIS 2010 because the 2008 sample was much larger; after verification with GPS coordinates, a non-city cluster of households was excluded; cdata in an earlier MIS survey (2006 to 2007) overlaps completely with the data in MIS 2010 as only data on children born in the last six years are included; dDHS 2010 was selected instead of DHS 2011 to 2012 as the 2010 sample was much larger; eafter verification with GPS data, several clusters of households located in Tema were excluded. DHS, demographic and health surveys; GPS, global positioning system; MIS, malaria indicator survey.