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Table 2 Relative improvement in women's understanding of components of informed consent after use of visuals in group education and counseling (GEC) and individual counseling (IDC)

From: Optimizing the HIV/AIDS informed consent process in India

Topic covered Group A: Women's understanding after GEC without visuals (posters) (N = 136) Group B: Women's understanding after GEC with visuals (posters) (N = 224) Chi square χ 2 statistic Group A vs Group B Group B: retested after IDC with visuals (flipcharts) (N = 224) Z Score statistic Group B (GEC) vs Group B (GEC+IDC)
  N % N %   N %  
Mother-to-infant HIV transmission 128 94 213 95 0.03 221 99 2.17**
Confidentiality 130 76 174 78 0.09 219 98 6.47***
Right to refuse 73 54 176 79 23.43*** 215 96 5.52***
Consequences of refusal to test 26 19 167 75 102.35*** 214 96 6.22***
Social risk 86 63 153 68 0.76 194 87 4.63***
Benefits of HIV testing 39 29 88 39 3.72 155 69 6.35***
Meaning of signature 80 59 169 75 10.19*** 215 96 6.21***
Right to consult 123 90 203 91 0.02 216 96 2.49**
Overall adequate understanding of women (6/8 questions) 52 38 162 72 39.38*** 216 96 7.02***
  1. * = P < 0.1, ** = P < 0.05, *** = P < 0.01