Skip to main content

Table 2 Mean outcome scores and standard deviations (SD) for both pregnancy termination groups.

From: The course of mental health after miscarriage and induced abortion: a longitudinal, five-year follow-up study

  T1 Ten days after pregnancy termination
Mean ± (SD)
T2 Six months after pregnancy termination
Mean ± (SD)
T3 Two years after pregnancy termination
Mean ± (SD)
T4 Five years after pregnancy termination
Mean ± (SD)
Outcome Mis-carriage
n = 40
Induced abortion
n = 80
Mis-carriage
n = 40
Induced abortion
n = 74
Mis-carriage
n = 39
Induced abortion
n = 72
Mis-carriage
n = 39
Induced abortion
n = 70
IES intrusion 17.6** ± (9.5) 11.9 ± (9.3) 10.6 ± (8.7) 8.0 ± (8.6) 4.9 ± (5.3) 5.1 ± (5.6) 3.7 ± (4.5) 3.6 ± (5.9)
IES avoidance 7.0 ± (6.1) 11.1** ± (7.9) 5.9 ± (6.4) 9.7* ± (8.6) 3.2 ± (4.6) 9.3*** ± (9.4) 1.5 ± (3.6) 8.3*** ± (10.1)
Quality of Life 42.2 ± (9.0) 41.4 ± (9.1) 45.6 ± (7.9) 43.6 ± (8.7) 47.7 ± (7.8) 45.3 ± (7.9) 47.4 ± (6.5) 45.9 ± (8.2)
HADS anxiety 6.1 ± (4.1) 6.6 ± (4.6) 5.5 ± (4.1) 6.8 ± (5.0) 5.6 ± (4.1) 6.0 ± (4.7) 5.2 ± (4.2) 5.9 ± (4.6)
HADS depression 4.5 ± (4.2) 3.9 ± (4.0) 3.0 ± (3.3) 3.3 ± (3.7) 2.3 ± (3.2) 2.6 ± (3.7) 2.0 ± (2.6) 2.7 ± (3.2)
Feelings, rated 1–5:         
Relief 1.3 ± (0.7) 2.8*** ± (1.4) 1.3 ± (0.6) 2.6*** ± (1.4) 1.3 ± (0.8) 2.7*** ± (1.3) 1.4 ± (0.9) 2.7*** ± (1.4)
Grief 3.7*** ± (1.5) 2.4 ± (1.4) 3.2*** ± (1.3) 2.2 ± (1.2) 2.4* ± (1.2) 1.9 ± (1.0) 1.8 ± (0.9) 1.8 ± (1.0)
Loss 3.6*** ± (1.5) 2.2 ± (1.4) 3.4*** ± (1.4) 2.2 ± (1.3) 2.5 ± (1.2) 2.2 ± (1.3) 2.0 ± (1.1) 1.9 ± (1.1)
Guilt 1.9 ± (1.2) 2.1 ± (1.4) 1.5 ± (0.9) 2.1** ± (1.2) 1.2 ± (0.7) 1.9** ± (1.0) 1.1 ± (0.2) 2.0*** ± (1.1)
Shame 1.1 ± (0.3) 1.8*** ± (1.3) 1.1 ± (0.4) 1.9*** ± (1.3) 1.1 ± (0.4) 1.6** ± (1.0) 1.0 ± (0.0) 1.6** ± (1.0)
Anger 2.2 ± (1.3) 1.8 ± (1.3) 2.0 ± (1.1) 1.9 ± (1.3) 1.5 ± (1.0) 1.8 ± (1.1) 1.3 ± (0.7) 1.5 ± (1.0)
  1. Statistically significant differences between pregnancy termination groups at all time points: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001