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Table 6 Summary of hierarchical regression analysis (TSR symptoms) and logistic regression analysis (PTSD symptoms and TS resiliency)

From: Mental health and resiliency following 44 months of terrorism: a survey of an Israeli national representative sample

Variable PTSD symptoms, OR (95% CI) TSR symptoms, standard B ± SE Not TS resilient, OR (95% CI)
Female 4.0 (1.8–8.6) -0.18 ± 0.35 3.7 (1.9–7.4)
Arab (vs. Jewish) ethnicity 2.5 (1.2–5.5) -0.15 ± 0.52 5.9 (1.6–21.2)
Born outside of Israel N/A -0.11 ± 0.38 2.8 (1.5–5.5)
Low optimism about state N/A N/A 1.4 (1.1–1.7)
Less education N/A 0.11 ± 0.05 N/A
Low sense of safety N/A 0.19 ± 0.09 1.8 (1.3–2.4)
Life-threatening experience with injury in the past 4.5 (1.7–12.1) 0.15 ± 0.64 N/A
Higher distress over societal problems N/A -0.18 ± 0.02 N/A
Lower sense of social support N/A 0.08 ± 0.12 N/A
Major life events in previous year 2.0 (1.0–3.9) N/A N/A
Substantial loss of income in the past 3.1 (1.6–6.1) N/A 2.4 (1.2–5.0)
  1. N/A, not applicable; TS, traumatic stress. TSRS, traumatic stress-related symptoms.
  2. Total R2 for variables predicting TSR symptoms = 38.5.
  3. Respondents meeting symptom criteria for PTSD = 45/501 (9%); TS-resilient respondents = 71/501 (14.4%).
  4. p < 0.05 for all variables.