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Table 5 Household contact prophylaxis with antiviral drugs, with or without treatment of the index cases. The interventions are applied in 70% of households in which one member consults a physician. Estimates are cumulative numbers per 100 inhabitants, unless otherwise specified.

From: A 'small-world-like' model for comparing interventions aimed at preventing and controlling influenza pandemics

Outcomes Prophylaxis (Outbreak, n = 90) Prophylaxis + treatment (Outbreak, n = 98)
  Mean Minimum-Maximum Mean Minimum-Maximum
Infections     
   Total 36.1 32.1–40.1 34.2 30.8–37.4
Childrena 61.8 57.0–66.2 58.5 53.1–64.5
Adultsa 30.2 25.6–35.0 28.8 24.2–33.4
Elderlya 16.8 11.2–21.2 14.9 11.3–18.9
Physician visits 23.8 21.8–27.0 22.2 19.6–24.8
Hospital admissions 1.18 0.70–1.57 0.77 0.59–0.98
Deaths 0.25 0.13–0.43 0.16 0.06–0.28
Lost workdaysb 106 94–122 100 85–116
Treatment units (doses)c 196 179–210 393 356–435
  1. aPer 100 individuals of a given age
  2. bPer 100 working adults
  3. cTwo per day of treatment, five days per patient; one per day of prophylaxis, 10 days per person