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Table 2 Population-based sex and rural/urban prevalence of HIV in Guntur district

From: A population-based study of human immunodeficiency virus in south India reveals major differences from sentinel surveillance-based estimates

  Men Women Total
  Participants (n) HIV-positive (n) Adjusted HIV prevalence* (%) 95% CI (design effect) Participants (n) HIV-positive (n) Adjusted HIV prevalence* (%) 95% CI (design effect) Adjusted HIV prevalence* (%) 95% CI (design effect)
Rural 3139 54 1.57 0.86–2.28 (2.36) 3178 50 1.71 1.18–2.24 (1.43) 1.64 1.10–2.18 (2.86)
   Western region (Durgi) 733 6 0.81   763 7 0.97   0.89 0.06–1.72 (3.02)
   Central region† 1527 38 2.58   1543 26 1.79   2.19 1.41–2.97 (2.30)
(Mupalla) 757 21 2.73   776 15 2.03   2.39 1.19–3.59 (2.47)
(Narsaraopet) 770 17 2.43   767 11 1.54   1.99 0.92–3.06 (2.36)
   Eastern region (Kollur) 879 10 1.23   872 17 1.94   1.58 0.45–2.71 (3.75)
Urban 3096 76 2.11 1.50–2.72 (1.37) 3204 61 1.67 1.22–2.12 (1.04) 1.89 1.39–2.39 (2.13)
   Guntur 2358 61 2.45   2443 44 1.63   2.04 1.44–2.64 (2.29)
   Narsaraopet 738 15 1.91   761 17 1.83   1.87 0.95–2.79 (1.84)
Total 6235 130 1.74 1.27–2.21 (1.80) 6382 111 1.70 1.36–2.04 (1.21) 1.72 1.35–2.09 (2.44)
  1. *Adjustments explained in the methods section.
  2. †Central region rural population was represented by Mupalla and Narsaraopet mandals as explained in the methods section.
  3. CI, confidence interval.