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Table 1 Cord blood glucocorticoids and other characteristics of 286 participants with 3-year blood pressure.

From: Association between umbilical cord glucocorticoids and blood pressure at age 3 years

Maternal characteristics at enrollment   
  n Mean (SD) or %
   Age (years) 286 32.2 (4.9)
   Pre-pregnancy BMI (kg/m2) 284 24.6 (5.1)
   Race/ethnicity (%)   
White 204 71%
Black 31 11%
Hispanic 20 7%
Asian 13 5%
Other 18 6%
   Marital status (%)   
Married 238 83%
Partner 26 9%
Other 22 8%
   Education (%)   
High school or less 17 6%
Less than 4 years of college 73 26%
4 years of college 100 35%
Graduate degree 96 34%
   Annual household income (%)   
<$20 000 3 1%
$20 000–$40 000 30 10%
$40 000–$70 000 65 23%
>$70 000 173 61%
Missing 15 5%
   Smoked 3 months prior to pregnancy (%) 23 8%
   Pregnancy weight gain (kg) 283 15.6 (5.5)
   3rd trimester systolic BP (mm Hg) 285 110.9 (8.3)
   Spontaneous delivery (vs induced) 186 65%
   Caesarean section (vs vaginal delivery) 47 16%
Child characteristics   
   Male (%) 146 51%
   Birth weight (g) 286 3545 (501)
   Birth weight for gestational age z-value (units) 286 0.2 (0.9)
   Gestational age (weeks) 286 39.7 (1.3)
   Cortisol (nmol/liter) 286 343.9 (209.3)
   Cortisone (nmol/liter) 286 242.7 (81.3)
   Cortisol/cortisone ratio (units) 286 1.4 (0.6)
   Systolic BP at age 3 years (mm Hg) 286 93.3 (10.2)
   Diastolic BP at age 3 years (mm Hg) 286 58.9 (8.0)
   Weight at age 3 years (kg) 286 15.8 (2.6)
   Height at age 3 years (cm) 286 97.6 (4.6)
  1. BP, blood pressure.