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Table 2 Multivariable mixed effect models showing change in 3-year child BP per unit increment in venous cord F/E ratio.

From: Association between umbilical cord glucocorticoids and blood pressure at age 3 years

  Change in child BP (mm Hg) per one unit increment in F/E ratio (95% CI)
Models* Systolic BP Diastolic BP
Model 1: F/E ratio (unit increment) 1.2 (-0.4 to 2.7)
p = 0.14
0.7 (-0.5, 1.8)
p = 0.27
Model 2: Model 1 + infant sex, gestational age at birth, age, 3 year weight, length, maternal race/ethnicity, income 1.6 (0.0 to 3.1)
p = 0.05
0.8 (-0.4, 2.0)
p = 0.20
  1. Data from 286 mother-offspring pairs within Project Viva.
  2. *All models were adjusted for blood pressure measurement order, cuff size, appendage, position, state, and machine model. BP, blood pressure; F/E, cortisol/cortisone ratio in venous cord blood.