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Table 1 Summary of the most frequent transmission pathways and most frequent healthcare settings involved.

From: Patient to patient transmission of hepatitis B virus: a systematic review of reports on outbreaks between 1992 and 2007

  Transmission pathways
Healthcare setting Multi-vials Capillary blood sampling Multiple deficiencies in standard precautions Transvenous biopsy Blood products Undefined Total
Dialysis 5 - 1 - 1 3 10
Medicine 3 3 - - 1 - 7
Nursing home - 6 - - - 1 7
Surgery - - - 3 - 2 5
Outpatient clinics 2 - 2 - - - 4
Total 10 9 3 3 2 6 33