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Table 1 Background and clinical characteristics of 2,219 cases of community-acquired pneumonia diagnosed over a 3-year period in Bhaktapur, Nepal

From: RNA viruses in community-acquired childhood pneumonia in semi-urban Nepal; a cross-sectional study

Characteristic n Value
Demographic   
   Age in months 2,219  
Mean (SD)   13.4 (8.3)
2 to 11 months (%)   1,016 (45.8)
12 to 35 months (%)   1,203 (54.2)
   Breastfeeding (%) 2,218 1,945 (87.7)
   Boys (%) 2,219 1,263 (56.9)
   Mean birth weight in grams (SD)a 1,585 2,856 (464)
   Hospital delivery (%) 2,216 1,718 (77.5)
   Illiterate (%)b   
Mother 2,212 578 (26.1)
Father 2,209 116 (5.3)
   Father's occupation (%) 2,216  
Agriculture   240 (10.8)
Daily wage earner   1,078 (48.6)
No work   43 (1.9)
   Mother's occupation (%) 2,216  
Agriculture   222 (10.0)
Daily wage earner   361 (16.3)
No work outside home   1,472 (66.4)
Symptoms and signs at presentation   
   Median number of days with cough at presentation (IQR) 2,219 3 (2 to 4)
   Runny nose according to caregiver (%) 1,882 1,632 (86.7)
   Mean respiratory rate in breaths/min (SD)   
2 to 11 months 1,016 58 (5.4)
12 to 35 months 1,203 49 (6.5)
   Axillary temperature (%) 2,218  
≥ 37.5°C   908 (40.9)
≥ 38.5°C   293 (13.2)
   Wheezing (%)c 2,219 994 (44.8)
   Crepitations (%) 2,219 651 (29.3)
   Lower chest indrawing (%) 2,219 131 (5.9)
   Oxygen saturation (%) 2,219  
<93%   670 (30.2)
<90%   42 (1.9)
   Median CRP in mg/L (IQR) 2,215 15 (<8, 28)
   Mean hemoglobin in g/dl (SD) 2,218 11.1 (1.2)
Anthropometric   
   Mean weight for length Z-score (SD) 2,212 -0.26 (1.0)
   Mean length for age Z-score (SD)   -1.1 (1.2)
   Length for age <-2Z-scores (stunted) (%)d   526 (23.8)
   Weight for length <-2Z-scores (wasted) (%)d   82 (3.7)
  1. aWritten documentation from 1,273 birth certificates, remaining 312 from mother's recall;bdefined as no schooling/not able to read and write;cwheezing prior to administration of nebulized salbutamol; dthe WHO Child Growth Standards 2006 [23].
  2. CRP = C-reactive protein; IQR = inter-quartile range; SD = standard deviation.