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Table 3 Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of permanent self-perceived psychological stress and vascular risk factors for ischemic stroke

From: Self-perceived psychological stress and ischemic stroke: a case-control study

  Univariate Multivariatea
Permanent self-perceived psychological stressb 3.38 (2.31 to 4.96)*** 3.49 (2.06 to 5.93)***
Hypertension 2.75 (2.09 to 3.60)*** 2.21 (1.53 to 3.20)***
Smoking 3.02 (2.23 to 4.08)*** 3.04 (1.98 to 4.67)***
Diabetes 3.78 (2.47 to 5.77)*** 2.61 (1.51 to 4.52)***
Hyperlipidemia 1.64 (1.22 to 2.20)** 1.77 (1.19 to 2.63)**
Occupation, lower education 1.51 (1.18 to 1.93)** 1.28 (0.92 to 1.80)
Regular leisure time physical activityc 0.34 (0.23 to 0.51)*** 0.66 (0.39 to 1.13)
WHR, per 1 SD increase 1.71 (1.45 to 2.02)*** 1.36 (1.09 to 1.70)**
Family history of stroke 1.77 (1.35 to 2.32)*** 1.69 (1.16 to 2.43)**
  1. **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001; aconditional logistic regression with age, self-perceived psychological stress, hypertension, smoking status, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, occupation, leisure time physical activity, WHR, and family history of stroke included in the model; bpermanent self-perceived stress during the last year or longer; cregular, moderate physical activity of at least 4 h/week.
  2. SD = standard deviation; WHR = waist to hip ratio.