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Table 4 Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of permanent self-perceived psychological stress during the last year or longer for the major ischemic stroke subtypes

From: Self-perceived psychological stress and ischemic stroke: a case-control study

  Stroke subtype (cases/controls)
  LVD (70/593) SVD (120/593) CE (90/593) Cryptogenic stroke (154/593)
Crude 2.71 (1.38 to 5.32)** 3.13 (1.84 to 5.34)*** 2.34 (1.27 to 4.47)** 4.31 (2.70 to 6.88)***
Adjusteda 3.91 (1.58 to 9.67)** 3.20 (1.64 to 6.24)*** 1.48 (0.64 to 3.39) 4.03 (2.34 to 6.95)***
  1. **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001; aMultivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, hypertension, smoking status, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, occupation, leisure time physical activity, waist to hip ratio and family history of stroke.
  2. CE = cardioembolic stroke; LVD = large vessel disease; SVD = small vessel disease.