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Table 1 Number of sand flies per house (trap) per night at all four sites pooled in Nepal, Bangladesh and India (Unadjusted mean counts of sand flies at baseline and at 5 months follow up with cross-sectional testing).

From: Chemical and environmental vector control as a contribution to the elimination of visceral leishmaniasis on the Indian subcontinent: cluster randomized controlled trials in Bangladesh, India and Nepal

  LLIN IRS EVM Control P-value test of difference
   CI 95%   CI 95%   CI 95%   CI 95%   LLIN versus Control IRS versus Control EVM versus Control
Survey* Mean Lower Upper Mean Lower Upper Mean Lower Upper Mean Lower Upper    
Baseline 9.92 7.28 13.53 12.32 9.54 15.92 13.21 9.94 17.55 9.41 6.97 12.71 0.798 0.184 0.108
5 months follow-up 8.32 5.56 12.45 6.14 4.00 10.47 10.39 7.56 14.29 12.15 8.68 17.00 0.160 0.035 0.503