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Table 2 Multivariate analysis of risk factors associated with axillary temperature measures < 35.0°C among newborns of Sarlahi

From: Neonatal hypothermia and associated risk factors among newborns of southern Nepal

Factor Model 1 (n= 210,347) Model 2 (n= 196,045) Model 3 (n= 190,180)
Neonatal-level    
   Female (versus male) 1.47 (1.36, 1.60) 1.48 (1.36, 1.61) 1.49 (1.37, 1.63)
   < 1500 g (versus ≥ 2500 g) 14.50 (10.60, 19.84) 12.60 (8.85, 17.93) 11.63 (8.10, 16.70)
   1500 - 1999 g (versus ≥ 2500 g) 4.68 (4.09, 5.35) 4.38 (3.80, 5.05) 4.32 (3.73, 5.00)
   2000 - 2499 g (versus ≥ 2500 g) 1.57 (1.44, 1.72) 1.51 (1.38, 1.65) 1.49 (1.36, 1.63)
   34 - 36.9 weeks (versus ≥ 37 weeks) 1.24 (1.12, 1.38) 1.19 (1.07, 1.32) 1.16 (1.04, 1.29)
   < 34 weeks (versus ≥ 37 weeks) 1.94 (1.53, 2.46) 1.85 (1.42, 2.40) 1.87 (1.44, 2.44)
Delivery/newborn care practices    
   Non-facility birth   1.35 (0.93, 1.96) 1.28 (0.88, 1.88)
   Non-skilled attendant   0.97 (0.69, 1.35) 0.97 (0.68, 1.37)
   Delayed (> 24 h) breastfeeding   1.25 (1.15, 1.35) 1.19 (1.08, 1.30)
   Cord cut after placenta delivered   1.45 (0.97, 2.18) 1.47 (0.98, 2.22)
   Baby bathed after birth   1.03 (0.88, 1.20) 1.02 (0.87, 1.20)
   Room warmed during first 14 days   0.97 (0.85, 1.11) 0.96 (0.84, 1.11)
   Hat worn during first 14 days   1.08 (0.91, 1.28) 1.10 (0.92, 1.30)
   Skin-to-skin during first 14 days   1.11 (0.92, 1.33) 1.10 (0.92, 1.31)
Household/socioeconomic status variables    
   Upper caste (versus lower)    0.88 (0.73, 1.06)
   Madeshi (versus Pahadi)    1.04 (0.91, 1.19)
   Latrine (brick/pit versus no latrine)    1.05 (0.92, 1.19)
   Electricity (versus none)    1.07 (0.95, 1.21)
   Television (versus none)    0.94 (0.82, 1.09)
Parental variables    
   Maternal literacy (versus none)    0.90 (0.79, 1.02)
   Paternal literacy (versus none)    0.99 (0.90, 1.09)
Paternal occupation (skilled versus non-
skilled)
   0.97 (0.87, 1.07)
   Maternal hypothermia (< 36.0°C)    1.50 (1.32, 1.71)