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Table 1 Diseases associated with nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (alphabetical order), adapted from reference [2].

From: Managing hyperemesis gravidarum: a multimodal challenge

Causes Differential diagnosis
Gastrointestinal causes Appendicitis
  Diaphragmatic hernia
  Gastroenteritis
  Hepatic or cholecystic disorders
  Hepatitis
  Ileus and subileus
  Pancreatitis
  Stomach cancer
  Stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer
Metabolic causes Addison's disease
  Diabetic ketoacidosis
  Hyperthyroidism
  Porphyria
  Thyrotoxicosis
Neurological causes Korsakoff's psychosis
  Migraine
  Vestibular disorders
  Wernicke's encephalopathy
Pregnancy associated Acute fatty liver
  Emesis gravidarum (<5 ×/day)
  Hyperemesis gravidarum (>5 ×/day)
  Multiple pregancy
  Pre-eclampsia
  Premature contractions
Urogenital causes Degenerative uterine fibroids
  Nephrolithiasis
  Pyelonephritis
  Uremia
Other causes Drug poisoning
  Food poisoning
  Iron medication