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Table 2 Excluded Studies

From: The effects of increased dose of exercise-based therapies to enhance motor recovery after stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Reason for Exclusion
Ada 2006 Not a randomised controlled trial.
Barreca 2004 Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content.
Dromerick 2009 Interventions included different time periods for wearing of mitt (not an exercise based intervention) and different doses of shaping, therefore, unable to determine which aspect of this intervention would contribute to functional outcomes.
Duncan 2003 Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content.
Fang 2003 Control group received no intervention, therefore study investigated effects of physiotherapy rather than an increased intensity of physiotherapy.
Feys 1998 Investigated the effects of an intervention not intensity.
Fisher 2001 Not a randomised controlled trial.
Green 2002 Investigated the effect of an intervention in a specific setting not intensity.
Kuys 2008 Not a randomised controlled trial.
Kwakkel 2002 Examination of a subgroup of the original trial (Kwakkel 1999).
Moreland 2003 Progressive resisted exercise - not the definition of intensity used in this review.
Nugent 1994 Not a controlled or randomised controlled trial.
Page 2004 Investigated the effect of an intervention not intensity.
Richards1993 Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content.
Richards 2008 Not a randomised controlled trial.
Sivenius 1985 Extra therapy incorporated components of physical, occupational and speech therapy. It was not possible to isolate the effects of exercise-based therapy.
Slade 2002 Therapy analysed included physical, perceptual and cognitive, washing and dressing, daily living activities, group treatment, joint treatment and splinting and this was analysed as 'a package'. It was not possible to isolate the effects of exercise-based therapy.
Smith 1981 No specific treatment techniques described. Intensive therapy involved multi disciplinary treatment and therefore difficult to isolate the effects of exercise-based therapy. Control group also given extra treatment if deemed necessary.
Sunderland 1992 Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content. The experimental group also included EMG biofeedback.
Wade 1992 Subjects received physiotherapy immediately or after three months delay, therefore effectively the first half of a crossover study - physiotherapy versus no treatment. Therefore not different intensities of the same physiotherapy treatment.
Werner 2002 Treatment interventions between control and experimental group differed in content.
Wolf 2007 Not a randomised controlled trial.