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Table 4 Included studies interventions, intensity and outcome measures

From: The effects of increased dose of exercise-based therapies to enhance motor recovery after stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Intervention Intensity - mean hours delivered (SD) Measurement time points Outcome measures
  Control Extra Control Extra Baseline Outcome Follow-up 1 Follow-up 2  
Cooke 2009 Conventional physical therapy - lower limb from usual staff 9.2
(6.9)
23.0 (10.4) Pre-intervention After 6 weeks of intervention 12 weeks after end treatment NA ▪ Walking speed
▪ Ability to walk at 0.8 m/s or more
▪ Modified Rivermead Mobility Index
▪ Knee flexion peak torque
▪ Knee extension peak torque
   Extra from research staff        
Donaldson 2009 Conventional physical therapy - upper limb from usual staff 2.81
(3.7)
13.8
(27.1)
Pre-intervention After 6 weeks of intervention 12 weeks after end treatment   ▪ Action Research Arm Test
▪ 9 hole peg test
▪ Hand grip force
▪ Pinch grip force
▪ Elbow flexion force - isometric
▪ Elbow extension force - isometric
   Extra from research staff        
GAPS 2004 Treatment broadly based on 'normal movement' (Bobath approach) from usual staff. Average 21
(no data)
Average 34
(no data)
Pre-intervention After 4 weeks of intervention 3 months after start treatment 6 months after start treatment ▪ Rivermead Mobility Index
▪ Motricty Index
Lincoln 1999 Treatment based on the Bobath approach from usual staff No data Median 9.58 extra to control
(IQR 4.7-10)
Pre-intervention After 5 weeks of intervention 3 months after start treatment 6 months after start treatment ▪ Rivermead Arm Assessment
▪ Action Research Arm Test
▪ Rivermead Motor Assess - gross function
▪ 10-hole Peg Teat
▪ Maximum grip strength
   Extra from research staff        
Kwakkel 1999 & 2002 Routine arm & leg training using evidenced-based guidelines from usual staff 27.5 arm
&
23.2 leg*
Arm group
91.8*
Pre-intervention After 20 weeks treatment 26 weeks after start treatment 52 weeks after start treatment Arm group
▪ Action Research Arm Test
▪ Frenchay Activities Index
   Arm group
Arm training from usual staffLeg group
Leg training from usual staff
leg* Leg group
84.2*
     Leg group
▪ Comfortable walking speed
▪ Maximum walking speed
▪ Functional Ambulation Categories
Partridge 2000 Bobath method of treatment from usual staff No data No data Pre-intervention After 6 weeks of intervention 6 months after start treatment NA ▪ Functional reach
▪ 5-metre timed walk
▪ Timed sit-to-stand
Rodgers 2003 Normal movement approach (Bobath) within meaningful activity and task analysis from usual staff 17.4 24.9 Pre-intervention None 3 months after stroke 6 months after stroke ▪ Action Research Arm Test
▪ Upper Limb Motricity Index
▪ Frenchay Arm Test
  1. * calculated using minutes/day data 20 weeks each with 5 treatment days
  2. $ calculated using median 30 days with 0.58 hours a day for control and 0.83 hours a day for extra