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Table 1 Descriptive Information, 6-month (N = 1,610) and 12-month (1,116) Post-Placement Cohorts.

From: Clinically significant changes in burden and depression among dementia caregivers following nursing home admission

  6-Month Post-Placement Cohort 12-Month Post-Placement Cohort
  M/% SD Range M/% SD Range
Context of Care       
Site       
   Florida 8.9%    7.6%   
   Illinois 15.9%    16.8%   
   Minnesota 21.9%    22.0%   
   New York 13.2%    14.4%   
   Ohio 14.7%    16.2%   
   Oregon 9.6%    8.4%   
   Tennessee 9.6%    8.3%   
   West Virginia 6.1%    6.2%   
   CR is female 59.3%    63.7%   
   CR is Caucasian 92.0%    92.2%   
   CR age (years) 71.47 7.62 30.63 to 102.10 78.83 7.41 47.03 to 97.06
   CR is Medicaid eligible 50.3%    55.1%   
   CR lives with CG 73.7%    72.5%   
   Treatment 51.0%    52.2%   
Kin Relationship       
   Wife 33.4%    29.0%   
   Husband 17.8%    19.1%   
   Daughter 26.6%    29.1%   
   Other 22.2%    22.8%   
   CG age (years) 63.56 14.42 23.00 to 100.00 63.01 14.31 25.00 to 100.00
   CG income (1 = under $4,999; 11 = $50,000 and above) 5.81 2.91 1.00 to 11.00 5.90 2.91 1.00 to 11.00
   CG is employed 33.1%    33.8%   
   CG education (1 = elementary school; 6 = post-graduate) 3.54 1.33 0.00 to 6.00 3.53 1.33 0.00 to 6.00
   Duration of care at baseline (in months) 44.21 38.53 0.00 to 360.00 43.98 39.09 0.00 to 360.00
   Time to NHA from pre-placement (days) 113.86 69.80 0.00 to 372.00 99.98 50.31 0.00 to 372.00
Dementia Severity       
   MMSE at baseline 14.29 7.89 0.00 to 30.00 14.08 8.14 0.00 to 30.00
   Pre-placement behavior problems 9.67 4.06 0.00 to 19.00 9.74 4.01 0.00 to 19.00
Functional Impairment       
   Pre-placement ADLs 4.34 2.55 0.00 to 10.00 4.26 2.48 0.00 to 10.00
   Pre-placement IADLs 7.13 1.20 0.00 to 8.00 7.10 1.20 1.00 to 8.00
   Pre-placement caregiving hours (typical week) 74.67 61.43 0.00 to 988.00 74.66 68.03 0.00 to 988.00
   Pre-placement unmet needs 2.92 4.31 0.00 to 18.00 3.02 4.36 0.00 to 18.00
Resources       
   Pre-placement chore service use (times) 29.76 98.08 0.00 to 1300.00 30.44 107.52 0.00 to 1300.00
   Pre-placement personal care use (times) 67.56 193.55 0.00 to 1456.00 77.26 210.83 00.00 to 1456.00
   Pre-placement adult day service use (days) 19.74 37.06 0.00 to 120.00 20.74 38.00 0.00 to 120.00
   Pre-placement overnight hospital use (times) 2.05 7.97 0.00 to 120.00 2.23 9.18 0.00 to 120.00
   Pre-placement secondary caregiving hours (typical week) 6.42 20.97 0.00 to 168.00 7.73 23.42 0.00 to 168.00
   CG pre-placement self-reported health (1 = excellent; 4 = poor) 2.05 .83 1.00 to 4.00 2.05 .82 1.00 to 4.00
   CG pre-placement ADLs .24 .69 0.00 to 5.00 .22 .63 0.00 to 5.00
   CG pre-placement IADLs .78 1.51 0.00 to 8.00 .74 1.48 0.00 to 8.00
Outcomes       
   Pre-placement: Clinically significant burdena 52.9%    52.9%   
   6-month post-placement: Clinically significant burden 28.3%    21.8%   
   12-month post-placement: Clinically significant burden -    16.7%   
   Pre-placement: Clinically significant depressionb 35.8%    36.2%   
   6-month post-placement: Clinically significant depression 31.1%    25.3%   
   12-month post-placement: Clinically significant depression -    27.2%   
   Persistent burdenc 22.1%    9.1%   
   Persistent depressionc 20.9%    12.4%   
  1. NOTE: M = mean; SD = standard deviation; CR = care recipient; CG = caregiver; NHA = nursing home admission; ADL = activities of daily living; IADLs = instrumental activities of daily living; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination
  2. aThose caregivers who indicated a Zarit Burden Inventory score of 13.00 or higher
  3. bThose caregivers who reported a score of greater than or equal to six on the Geriatric Depression Scale
  4. cCaregivers who remained in the clinically high burden and depression categories prior to and in the 6- and 12-month intervals following placement