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Table 2 Predictors of persistent burden in the 6-month and 12-month Post-Placement Panels (N = 1,015; 560 respectively)a

From: Clinically significant changes in burden and depression among dementia caregivers following nursing home admission

  6-Month Post-Placement Panel 12-Month Post-Placement Panel
Variables B SE OR B SE OR
Context of Care       
   Site       
   Florida 1.85*** .44 6.36 2.05*** .81 7.78
   Illinois -.12 .40 .77 -.32 .70 .73
   Minnesota .00 .39 1.00 -.31 .68 .73
   New York .57 .42 1.76 -1.62 1.01 .20
   Ohio .51 .39 1.66 .75 .66 2.11
   Oregon 1.11* .44 3.02 1.87* .78 6.51
   Tennessee .32 .43 1.38 .10 .80 1.10
   West Virginia (reference)       
   CR is female .26 .37 1.30 -.64 .67 .53
   CR is Caucasian .65* .33 1.92 2.28** .75 9.77
   CR age -.01 .01 .99 -.01 .03 .99
   CR is Medicaid eligible .19 .19 1.21 .50 .39 1.65
   CR lives with CG .23 .27 1.26 .14 .62 1.15
   Treatment -.10 .18 .91 -.42 .36 .66
Kin relationship       
   Wife 2.18*** .49 8.84 3.37** 1.01 29.16
   Husband .77 .43 2.15 2.33* .96 10.26
   Daughter 1.01*** .28 2.75 1.36* .57 3.89
   Other (reference)       
   CG age -.01 .01 .99 -.03 .03 .97
   CG income .00 .04 1.00 .09 .08 1.10
   CG is employed .59* .24 1.81 1.13* .46 3.10
   CG education .11 .08 1.12 -.29* .15 .75
   Duration of care .01** .00 1.01 .01** .00 1.01
Time to NHA from pre-placement       
   0 to 61 days (reference)       
   61.01 to 105 days -.13 .26 .87 -.53 .49 .59
   105.01 to 151 days -.01 .25 .99 -.63 .50 .53
   Over 151 days .19 .25 1.21 -.22 .47 .81
Dementia severity       
   MMSE at baseline .01 .01 1.01 .05 .02 1.05
   Pre-placement behavior problems .13*** .03 1.14 .24*** .05 1.28
Functional impairment       
   Pre-placement ADLs -.04 .05 .96 .12 .10 1.13
   Pre-placement IADLs .05 .10 1.05 -.07 .22 .94
   Pre-placement caregiving Hours       
   0 to 20 hours (reference)       
   20.01 to 70 hours 1.20*** .27 3.32 1.11* .56 3.05
   70.01 hours to 118 hours 1.58*** .30 4.83 1.77** .63 5.85
   Over 118 hours 1.57*** .31 4.81 2.51*** .59 12.28
   Pre-placement unmet needs .13*** .02 1.14 .18*** .05 1.20
Resources       
   Any pre-placement chore service use .15 .20 1.16 .11 .40 1.12
   Any pre-placement personal care use .09 .21 1.09 -.04 .41 .96
   Any pre-placement adult day service use -.08 .20 .93 -.42 .40 .66
   Any pre-placement overnight hospital use .08 .22 1.09 .17 .43 1.19
   Any pre-placement secondary caregiving hours -.17 .18 .84 -1.14** .36 .32
   CG pre-placement self-reported health .86*** .13 2.36 1.10*** .25 3.01
   CG pre-placement ADLs -.23 .15 .79 .10 .28 1.10
   CG pre-placement IADLs .08 .08 1.08 -.09 .15 .91
  1. aCaregivers who did not indicate clinically significant burden at pre-placement or post-placement intervals was the reference category (n = 659 in 6-month post-placement panel; n = 459 in the 12-month post-placement panel)
  2. NOTE: CR = care recipient; CG = caregiver; NHA = nursing home admission; ADL = activities of daily living; IADLs = instrumental activities of daily living; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination