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Table 3 Predictors of persistent depression in the 6-month and 12-month Post-Placement Panels (N = 1,208; 710 respectively)a

From: Clinically significant changes in burden and depression among dementia caregivers following nursing home admission

  6-Month Post-Placement Panel 12-Month Post-Placement Panel
Variables B SE OR B SE OR
Context of Care       
   Site       
   Florida .59 .53 1.80 -.70 .83 .50
   Illinois -.46 .50 .63 -1.21 .78 .30
   Minnesota -.90 .49 .41 -2.15** .79 .12
   New York -1.11* .53 .33 -2.50** .89 .08
   Ohio -.32 .50 .73 -1.43 .77 .24
   Oregon -.17 .55 .84 -.51 .94 .60
   Tennessee -.20 .53 .82 -.85 .81 .43
   West Virginia (reference)       
   CR is female -.94* .41 .39 -1.11 .70 .33
   CR is Caucasian .24 .39 1.27 .03 .74 1.03
   CR age -.03 .02 .97 -.05 .03 .95
   CR is Medicaid eligible .24 .21 1.27 .29 .36 1.34
   CR lives with CG .19 .31 1.21 .35 .59 1.41
   Treatment .12 .20 1.13 .01 .34 1.01
Kin relationship       
   Wife .51 .51 1.66 1.18 .92 3.26
   Husband 1.58** .49 4.87 1.77* .84 5.89
   Daughter .34 .34 1.41 1.00 .70 2.72
   Other (reference)       
   CG age .01 .02 1.01 .02 .03 1.02
   CG income -.08* .04 .92 -.07 .07 .94
   CG is employed .23 .28 1.26 -.24 .45 .59
   CG education -.08 .08 .92 -.22 .14 .81
   Duration of care .00 .00 1.00 .01 .00 1.01
Time to NHA from pre-placement       
   0 to 63 days (reference)       
   63.01 to 99.98 days .08 .28 1.08 .64 .49 1.89
   99.99 to 140.75 days .22 .27 1.24 .78 .45 2.19
   Over 140.75 days .26 .31 1.30 .69 .48 1.99
Dementia severity       
   MMSE at baseline -.02 .01 .98 -.03 .02 .97
   Pre-placement behavior problems .01 .03 1.01 .01 .05 1.01
Functional impairment       
   Pre-placement ADLs .01 .06 1.02 .02 .09 1.02
   Pre-placement IADLs -.08 .12 .93 -.14 .24 .87
   Pre-placement caregiving hours       
   0 to 20 hours (reference)       
   20.01 to 70 hours -.50 .32 .61 .64 .62 1.90
   70.01 hours to 112 hours -.33 .34 .72 .90 .67 2.47
   Over 112 hours -1.02** .36 .36 -.15 .64 .86
   Pre-placement unmet needs .00 .03 1.00 .03 .04 1.03
Resources       
   Any pre-placement chore service use .35 .22 1.42 .32 .37 1.37
   Any pre-placement personal care use -.06 .24 .94 .28 .40 1.32
   Any pre-placement adult day service use -.22 .22 .80 -.34 .37 .72
   Any pre-placement overnight hospital use .36 .26 1.43 -.21 .47 .81
   Pre-placement secondary caregiving hours (less than 1 hour per week is reference) -.11 .21 .90 -.90** .34 .41
   CG pre-placement self-reported health .74*** .14 2.11 .87*** .23 2.39
   CG pre-placement ADLs .26 .18 1.29 .34 .27 1.41
   CG pre-placement IADLs .14 .08 1.15 .34** .13 1.40
   Pre-placement burden .28*** .02 1.32 .28*** .04 1.32
  1. aCaregivers who did not indicate clinically significant depression at pre-placement or post-placement intervals was the reference category (n = 871 in the 6-month post-placement panel; n = 572 in the 12-month post-placement panel)
  2. NOTE: CR = care recipient; CG = caregiver; NHA = nursing home admission; ADL = activities of daily living; IADLs = instrumental activities of daily living; MMSE = Mini-Mental State Examination