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Table 3 Beta coefficients from multiple regression for association of background variables with Avocation/Leisure activities, High Culture, Popular Culture, Vocation/Engagement and Burned Out.

From: Vocation and avocation: leisure activities correlate with professional engagement, but not burnout, in a cross-sectional survey of UK doctors

  Avocation/Leisure activities High culture Popular culture Vocation/Engagement BurnedOut
Demographic measures      
Year of qualification -.046 (p = .019) [-.046] -.076 (p < .001)[-.078] .046 (p = .025) [.050] .000 (p = .986) [-.026] -.004 (p = .827) [.007]
Male -.083 (p < .001) [ -.068] .235 (p < .001)[.220] -.270 (p < .001)[-.276] .020 (p = .267) [.076] .089 (p < .001)[.042]
Number of children -.023 (p = .368) [-.152] .035 (p = .165) [-.077] -.116 (p < .001)[-.181] .042 (p = .082) [.064] -.047 (p = .035) [-.089]
Age of youngest child .164 (p < .001)[.226] .133 (p < .001)[.162] . 099 (p < .001)[.177] .025 (p = .299) [-.011] .008 (p = .706) [. 082]
Work variables      
On Specialist Register .016 (p = .489) [-.004] .001 (p = .978) [-.030] .033 (p = .165) [.050] .028 (p = .202) [.001] -.045 (p = .021) [-.094]
On GP register .030 (p = .266) [.015] .015 (p = .563) [.035] .035 (p = .207) [-.034] .071 (p = .006)[.057] .043 (p = .069) [.100]
Number of patients seen .044 (p = .042) [.030] -.001 (p = .958) [-.024] .096 (p < .001)[. 110] .123 (p < .001)[.150] .027 (p = .155) [.097]
Sleep deprivation .000 (p = .985) [-.008] -.012 (p = .503) [-.042] .022 (p = .239) [.063] -.025 (p = .149) [-.048] .154 (p < .001)[.277]
aWPC: Choice and independence .014 (p = .454) [.078] -.015 (p = .428) [.027] .059 (p = .003) [.118] .095 (p < .001)[.263] -.097 (p < .001)[-.284]
aWPC: Workload -.011 (p = .546) [-.018] .006 (p = .740) [-.005] -.035 (p = .063) [-.031] .011 (p = .542) [-.021] .130 (p < .001)[.300]
aWPC: Supportive-receptive .025 (p = .157) [.047] .012 (p = .500)[.038] .032 (p = .086) [.027] .066 (p < .001)[.194] -.048 (p = .002) [-.237]
aWPL: Deep approach to work .009 (p = .618) [.072] .022 (p = .206) [.066] -.023 (p = .207) [.031] .141 (p < .001)[.255] -.043 (p = .006) [-.072]
aWPL: Surface-rational -.089 (p < .001)[-.122] -.089 (p < .001)[-.119] -.021 (p = .245) [-.036] -.005 (p = .767) [-.025] .022 (p = .135) [.047]
aWPL: Surface-disorganised -.022 (p = .302) [-.032] -.022 (p = .292)[-.036] -.005 (p = .818) [.000] .013 (p = .537) [-.114] .035 (p = .058) [.241]
Personality measures      
Big 5: Neuroticism .003 (p = .887) [-.041] -.030 (p = .157) [-.025] .051 (p = .023) [-.041] -.047 (p = .023) [-.251] .326 (p < .001)[.559]
Big 5: Extraversion .136 (p < .001)[.206] .109 (p < .001)[.176] .085 (p < .001)[.108] .307 (p < .001)[.457] -.108 (p < .001)[-.315]
Big 5: Openness to experience .210 (p < .001) [.310] .261 (p < .001)[.322] -.047 (p = .016) [.053] .042 (p = .018) [.156] .044 (p = .006) [.001]
Big 5: Agreeableness -.081 <.001)[.006] -.055 (p = .004) [.067] -.069 (p = .001)[-.115] .023 (p = .228) [.145] -.067 (p < .001)[-.220]
Big 5: Conscientiousness .007 (p = .741) [.045] .006 (p = .797) [.032] .005 (p = .826) [.036] .092 (p < .001) [.244] -.020 (p = .314) [-.252]
Empathy: Fantasy .227 (p < .001)[.295] .187 (p < .001)[.297] .133 (p < .001)[.071] .020 (p = .271) [.027] .019 (p = .238) [.066]
Empathy: Perspective-taking -.007 (p = .710) [.090] -.003 (p = .890) [.122] -.010 (p = .602) [-.040] .004 (p = .820) [.100] -.026 (p = .123) [-.131]
Empathy: Empathic concern -.019 (p = .286) [.052] -.010 (p = .566) [.073] -.020 (p = .240) [-.027] .025 (p = .146) [.020] .015 (p = .341) [.091]
Empathy: Personal distress -.023 (p = .264) [-.096] -.005 (p = .802) [-.038] -.040 (p = .062) [-.135] .030 (p = .131) [-.203] -.009 (p = .622) [.236]
Masculinity -.043 (p = .054) [-.013] -.053 (p = .018) [-.082] .007 (p = .766) [.130] -.010 (p = .627) [.145] .059 (p = .002) [-.135]
Self-esteem .067 (p = .003) [.069] .048 (p = .029) [.018] .052 (p = .024) [.115] .118 (p < .001)[.309] -.149 (p < .001)[-.416]
  1. Note that in the multiple regression, all effects shown take into account all other background measures. For comparison, simple Pearson correlations with each background variable are shown in square brackets in each cell. Key: Bold: p < .05; Bold Underlined: p < .01); Bold Italicised: p < .001.