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Table 5 Univariate and multivariate associations with detection of any human papillomavirus (HPV) type, all women aged ≤40 years (n = 2152).

From: Human papillomavirus prevalence among indigenous and non-indigenous Australian women prior to a national HPV vaccination program

Variable Any HPV-positive, % OR (95%CI) Pvalue Adjusted OR (95%CI) Pvalue
Indigenousa      
   Yes 49.4% 1.4 (1.2 to 1.7) < 0.001 1.1 (0.9 to 1.4) 0.3
   No 41.2%     
Smokingb      
   Yes 51.8% 1.6 (1.4 to 2.0) < 0.001 1.4 (1.2 to 1.8) < 0.001
   No 39.5%     
Age, yearsc   0.915 (0.902 to 0.929) < 0.001 0.921 (0.908 to 0.935) < 0.001
Age, 5-year bands      
   < 21 years 65.8% 5.3 (3.7 to 7.5) < 0.001 Modeled as continuous variable as above  
   21 to 25 years 54.8% 3.3 (2.5 to 4.4)    
   26 to 30 years 42.6% 2.0 (1.5 to 2.7)    
   31 to 35 years 33.5% 1.4 (1.0 to1.9)    
   36 to 40 years 26.7% Reference    
HCd      
   Yes 47.0% 1.25 (1.05 to 1.49) 0.01 1.1 (0.9 to 1.3) 0.3
   No 41.5%     
  1. aThree missing.
  2. bTwenty-one missing.
  3. cFor each one year increase in age.
  4. dTwenty missing. HC = hormonal contraception