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Table 2 Characteristics of diabetic patients in MHCs and non-MHCs at the start of follow up (T0)

From: Mental illness related disparities in diabetes prevalence, quality of care and outcomes: a population-based longitudinal study

Patient characteristic* MHCs (n = 17,045) Non MHCs (n = 26,626)
Age, years, %   
   < 45 20.7% 11.5%
   45 to 54 19.7% 14.3%
   55 to 64 21.6% 20.7%
   65 to 74 18.6% 23.2%
   ≥75 19.3% 30.3%
Sex, % male 41.9% 43.8%
Indigenous status, %   
   Indigenous 11.8% 5.6%
   Non-Indigenous 88.1% 91.1%
   Missing 0.1% 3.3%
Level of social disadvantage   
   Most disadvantaged 15.1% 10.5%
   More disadvantaged 22.7% 21.1%
   Little disadvantaged 24.5% 23.8%
   Less disadvantaged 17.3% 17.8%
   Least disadvantaged 19.0% 25.8%
   Missing 1.3% 1.0%
Residential remoteness   
   Metropolitan 64.8% 70.9%
   Rural 25.0% 22.7%
   Remote 9.8% 6.3%
   Missing 0.4% 0.1%
Charlson comorbidity score, mean (SD) 0.83 (1.62) 0.63 (1.43)
Diabetes recorded before T0, % 34.8% 31.6%
Type of treatment at one year, %   
   No diabetic medications 53.1% 52.5%
   Oral hypoglycemic agents only 39.0% 40.9%
   Insulin 7.9% 6.6%
Type of treatment at up to 16 years, %   
   No diabetic medications 33.6% 32.6%
   Oral hypoglycemic agents only 47.7% 51.0%
   Insulin 18.7% 16.4%
Type of mental disorders   
   - Alcohol/drug disorders 8.7%  
   - Schizophrenia 4.8%  
   - Affective psychoses 18.6%  
   - Other psychoses 10.7%  
   - Neurotic disorders 17.6%  
   - Personality disorders 2.2%  
   - Adjustment reaction 5.1%  
   - Depressive disorder 4.9%  
   - Other mental disorders 5.9%  
   - Other than mental or behavioural disorders 21.6%  
  1. Abbreviations: MHCs, mental health clients, SD, standard deviation.
  2. *P < 0.001 for all comparisons.