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Table 4 Comparison of the vitamin D status between PYD and FYD groups.

From: Regular consumption of vitamin D-fortified yogurt drink (Doogh) improved endothelial biomarkers in subjects with type 2 diabetes: a randomized double-blind clinical trial

  Deficiency n (%) Insufficiency n (%) Sufficiency n (%)
  Before After Before After Before After
PYD 16(31.4) 21(48.8) 22(43.1) 14(32.6) 13(25.5) 8(18.6)
FYD 13(26.5) 2(4.5) 25(51) 5(4.4) 11(22.4) 37(84.1)
Total 29 (28.2) 23 (22.3) 47 (45.6) 19 (18.4) 24 (23.3) 45 (43.7)
  1. *Vitamin D status defined as: Deficiency < 27.5 nmol/L; insufficiency ≥27.5 nmol/L to < 50 nmol/L; and sufficient ≥50 nmol/L. FYD, vitamin D-fortified doogh; PYD: plain dough.