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Table 1 Incidence of intrathoracic petechial haemorrhages in SIDS and comparison cases

From: A perspective on SIDS pathogenesis. The hypotheses: plausibility and evidence

No. SIDS cases Frequency of petechiae Non-SIDS comparisons Reference
31 80% absent or sparse in infant suffocation, CO asphyxia, drowning Werne & Garrow [152]
12 100% none Handforth [153]
97 95% rare in infanticide, accidents Jacobsen and Voight [154]
80 79% 6 of 43 (14%) Geertinger [155]
91 94% 10 of 31 (32%) in no case were they numerous Cooke&Welsh [156]
162 68% 12 of 42 (29%) Marshall [157]
109 87% 16 of 38 (42%) Beckwith [158]
100 85% none Krous [68]
622 82% 39 of 65 (60%) Valdes-Dapena et al. [159]
63 87% 13 of 33 (39%)# Risse & Weiler [67]
174 62.7* to 89.55%# 18 of 67 (26.8%)+ - 31 of 67 (47.7%)** Goldwater [61]
311 70%# 42 of 80 (52.5%)# Fracasso et al. [79]
250 91% 29 of 69 (42%) Kleeman et al. [62]
  1. * + % with petechiae present in all three organs; # ** % with petechiae present in/on thymus