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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Efficacy of aerobic exercise and a prudent diet for improving selected lipids and lipoproteins in adults: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

  Exercise Control
Variable # Range Mdn # Range Mdn
Age (years) 8 47.1 ± 5.9 39-57 47.0 8 46.9 ± 6.1 39-57 45.9
Body weight (kg) 7 86.3 ± 10.6 70-98 89.9 7 88.2 ± 12.5 70-103 90.5
BMI (kg.m2) 4 31.4 ± 3.5 26-34 32.7 4 32.1 ± 5.3 25-37 33.7
WHR 4 0.91 ± 0.07 0.8-1.0 0.93 4 0.91 ± 0.07 0.8-1.0 0.93
VO2max (ml.kg-1.min-1) 5 31.3 ± 4.9 26-38 32.0 5 30.7 ± 4.9 26-38 29.0
Kilocalories (total) 6 2153 ± 305 1814-2616 2064 6 2153 ± 325 1814-2616 2090
Carbohydrates (%) 6 51 ± 5.2 44-57 52.5 6 51 ± 4.7 46-57 50.8
Total fat (%) 7 33.6 ± 3.6 28-38 33 7 33.9 ± 3.5 28-38 34.0
Saturated fat (%) 7 12.0 ± 2.1 9-14 12.4 7 12.0 ± 2.2 9-14 12.5
Cholesterol (mg) 5 282 ± 81 175-400 286 5 270 ± 85 175-400 256
TC (mg/dl) 8 218.6 ± 20.7 193-253 216.7 8 213.5 ± 16.7 193-239 209.0
HDL-C (mg/dl) 8 46.8 ± 7.6 36-58 45.5 8 45.7 ± 7.5 36-58 44.8
TC:HDL-C (mg/dl) 5 5.0 ± 1.0 3.6-6.4 4.9 5 5.2 ± 0.8 4.1-6.4 5.2
LDL-C (mg/dl) 8 145.2 ± 21.0 119-180 145.6 8 142.0 ± 15.9 119-161 141.7
TG (mg/dl) 7 86.8 ± 54.6 33-171 60.7 7 85.0 ± 55.6 33-171 60.7
  1. Notes: #, number of groups in which data were available; With the exception of age, data limited to those in which change outcome results could be calculated; Mdn, median; BMI, body mass index; WHR, waist to hip ratio; VO2max, maximum oxygen consumption; mg, milligrams; TC, total cholesterol; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC:HDL-C, ratio of TC to HDL; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; To convert TC, HDL-C and LDL-C from mg/dl to mmol, divide by 38.46; To convert TG from mg/dl to mmol, divide by 87.72; Insufficient data reported for protein, polyunsaturated fat, saturated fat, and trans-fat intake as well as non-HDL-C.