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Table 1 Baseline clinical, echocardiographical, and neurohumoral characteristics of the population

From: Tinnitus in elderly patients and prognosis of mild-to-moderate congestive heart failure: a cross-sectional study with a long-term extension of the clinical follow-up

  Presence of tinnitus P-value
  Yes No  
Male 122 (52.3%) 408 (52.6%) NS
Female 111 (47.7%) 317 (47.4%) NS
Ethiology of CHF (%)    
Hypertension 30.0 31.7 NS
Ischemic 41 40 NS
CMP 23.3 24.3 NS
Valve disease 3.7 3 NS
Other 2.0 1 NS
Age (years) 74.9 ± 6 73.6 ± 7 n.s.
BMI (kg/m²) 26.6 ± 4 27 ± 4 n.s
Lying SBP (mmHg) 123.1 ± 16 125.9 ± 15 .027*
Standing SBP (mmHg) 118.3 ± 18 121.3 ± 17 .024*
Lying DBP (mmHg) 67.8 ± 9 69.7 ± 9 .006*
Standing DBP (mmHg) 66.7 ± 9 68.8 ± 9 .003*
BNP (pg/ml) 413.1 ± 480 286.2 ± 357 .013*
EF (%) 43.6 ± 15 47.9 ± 14 .001*
% EF ≤ 45% 50.6 ± 12 39.9 ± 12 .001*
LV TDV (mL) 144 ± 23 118 ± 24 .001*
LV TSV (mL) 53 ± 10 46 ± 9 NS
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; BNP, brain natriuretic peptide; CHF, congestive heart failure; CMP, cardiomiopathy; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; EF, ejection fraction; LV, left ventricular; NS, not significant; SBP, systolic blood pressure; TDV, total distribution volume.