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Table 1 Questionnaire items used to construct outcomes

From: Findings from the SASA! Study: a cluster randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of a community mobilization intervention to prevent violence against women and reduce HIV risk in Kampala, Uganda

  Indicator Respondents (denominator) Items in composite indices Expected direction of change due to intervention
Social acceptance of gender inequality and IPV Acceptability of physical violence by a man against his partner Men; Women Answers ‘yes’, a man has good reason to hit his wife in at least one of the following scenarios: She disobeys him • She answers back to him • She disrespects his relatives • He suspects that she is unfaithful • He finds out she has been unfaithful • She spends time gossiping with neighbours • She neglects taking care of the children • She doesn’t complete her household work to his satisfaction • She refuses to have sex with him • She accuses him of infidelity • She tells his secrets to others in the community • He is angry with her Decrease
  Acceptability of a woman refusing sex Men; Women Answers that ‘yes’ in their opinion it is acceptable if a married woman refuses to have sex with her husband if she doesn’t feel like it. Increase
Women’s past year experience of IPV Past year experience of physical IPV Women who have had a regular partners/casual partner in the past year Reports that her partner/most recent partner has done at least one of the following things to her in the past year: Slapped her or thrown something at her that could hurt her • Pushed her or shoved her or pulled her hair • Hit her with his fist or something else that could hurt her • Kicked her, dragged her or beat her up • Choked or burnt her on purpose • Threatened to use or actually used a gun, knife or other weapon against her • Threatened to use or actually used a panga (stick) against her Decrease
  Past year experience of sexual IPV Women who have had a regular partners/casual partner in the past year Reports that her partner/most recent partner has done at least one of the following things to her in the past year: Forced her to have sexual intercourse by physically threatening her, holding her down or hurting her in some way • She had sexual intercourse because she was intimidated by him or afraid he would hurt her Decrease
Response to women experiencing violence Appropriate community response to women experiencing IPV in past year Women who report in the survey having experienced physical and/or sexual IPV in the past year Reports that during or after the experience, ‘yes’ someone in their community tried to help them AND they did so with at least one of the following responses: • Gathered other people from the community to help • Knocked on their door to stop the fighting • Separated her and her partner during the fighting • Informed a community activist, ssenga, LC or police or other authority • Talked to her afterwards and asked her how she wanted them to help her • Told her to talk to someone else such as a family member, friend, community activist, LC, ssenga or other authority figure Increase
Sexual risk behaviour Past year concurrent sexual partners among men partnered in the past year Non-polygamous men who report having had a regular partner in the past year Answers ‘yes’ to having had a sexual relationship with any other women in the last 12 months, while being with his partner/most recent partner. Decrease