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Table 1 Baseline characteristics across study group

From: Risk of violence from the man involved in the pregnancy after receiving or being denied an abortion

Participant characteristic Total Near limit abortion Turnaway births Turnaway no births First -trimester abortion
number = 862 number = 405 number = 156 number = 48 number = 253
  mean (SD) or %
Age, years 24.9 (5.8) 25.0(5.9) 23.5(5.6) ** 24.5(6.3) 25.8(5.7) +
Race/ethnicity      *
  White 33 32 25 44 39
  Black 32 31 35 27 32
  Hispanic/Latina 22 21 28 13 21
  Other 13 16 13 17 8
Employed 54 55 40 ** 50 64 *
Gestational age, weeks 16.9 (7.0) 19.9 (4.0) 23.3 (3.4) *** 18.9 (3.9) *** 7.6 (2.3) ***
Union status      
  Married 9 8 10 6 11
  Cohabiting 18 18 13 17 21
  Not-cohabiting, never married 63 63 72 61 57
  Divorced/widowed 10 11 5 17 11
Raising children    *   
  No live births 38 34 47 42 38
  Living with all biological children 53 56 42 52 55
  Has 1+ children cared for by someone else 9 9 11 6 7
History of child abuse/neglect 26 26 26 13* 27
Family history before age 18      
  Household member drinking/drug problem 20 21 15 6* 25
  Household member psychological disorder 11 8 8 6 18***
Previous depression or anxiety diagnosis 25 23 20 29 30
Alcohol problem symptom 6 4 7 10 7
Recent drug use 14 13 13 8 18
Physical violence from MIP prior six months 5 6 3 4 4
Psychological violence from MIP prior six months 3 3 3 4 4
  1. +P < .10, *P < .05, **P < .01, ***P < .001. MIP, man involved in the pregnancy.