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Table 3 Deaths (95% uncertainty intervals) for 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010

From: Liver cirrhosis mortality in 187 countries between 1980 and 2010: a systematic analysis

Region/Country 1980 1990 2000 2010
Asia Pacific, High Income     
Brunei Darussalam 9 (6-15) 10 (6-15) 10 (7-16) 15 (9-22)
Japan 19,029 (14,313-23,447) 20,697 (15,985-24,666) 21,255 (17,586-28,013) 25,693 (20,372-32,833)
Korea, Republic of 12,613 (9,091-16,460) 12,920 (9,716-15,440) 11,450 (9,255-14,694) 9,761 (7,398-14,376)
Singapore 168 (115-216) 160 (118-200) 145 (114-192) 170 (125-236)
Asia, Central     
Armenia 310 (232-413) 407 (325-555) 513 (399-646) 752 (468-996)
Azerbaijan 1,115 (859-1,507) 1,296 (1,056-1,697) 1,765 (1,326-2,104) 2,254 (1,672-2,941)
Georgia 1,072 (787-1,377) 1,316 (1,028-1,659) 1,052 (824-1,347) 1,176 (849-1,651)
Kazakhstan 2,664 (1,998-3,426) 2,744 (2,187-3,757) 4,288 (3,436-5,389) 4,989 (3,225-6,585)
Kyrgyzstan 813 (609-1,141) 953 (767-1,302) 1,527 (1,151-1,846) 1,780 (1,184-2,319)
Mongolia 463 (274-742) 514 (320-786) 758 (469-1,175) 1,004 (607-1,599)
Tajikistan 575 (429-769) 738 (592-965) 954 (716-1,189) 1,263 (860-1,760)
Turkmenistan 646 (484-844) 778 (614-979) 1,344 (974-1,783) 1,383 (888-2,098)
Uzbekistan 3,162 (2,395-4,184) 3,795 (3,085-4,894) 6,312 (4,767-7,815) 7,821 (5,243-11,482)
Asia, East     
China 144,316 (85,432-232,946) 174,878 (115,884-222,366) 155,645 (119,644-196,756) 114,352 (77,031-197,745)
Korea, Democratic People's Republic 2,278 (1,293-3,782) 3,225 (1,900-5,190) 4,143 (2,421-6,707) 4,934 (2,851-7,929)
Taiwan 3,723 (2,267-5,862) 4,984 (3,075-7,679) 5,598 (3,532-8,456) 6,243 (3,932-9,377)
Asia, South     
Bangladesh 14,520 (9,789-21,278) 22,303 (15,286-31,403) 19,562 (13,646-27,524) 23,843 (15,699-34,825)
Bhutan 71 (35-132) 85 (44-154) 76 (40-137) 102 (54-185)
India 77,741 (52,196-116,746) 95,931 (71,676-134,482) 156,383 (98,953-207,554) 188,575 (109,748-303,989)
Nepal 1,831 (1,047-3,069) 2,262 (1,368-3,641) 2,568 (1,582-4,038) 3,175 (1,954-5,024)
Pakistan 10,324 (6,129-16,651) 14,453 (8,249-24,503) 24,542 (13,529-44,344) 31,373 (16,325-61,028)
Asia, Southeast     
Cambodia 649 (387-1,033) 814 (484-1,293) 1,186 (715-1,885) 1,538 (936-2,393)
Indonesia 16,925 (10,531-26,463) 25,115 (15,652-37,890) 35,970 (23,507-53,062) 49,224 (33,005-71,073)
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 508 (259-935) 559 (287-1,028) 650 (329-1,224) 752 (378-1,423)
Malaysia 860 (578-1,208) 997 (639-1,499) 1,163 (848-1,586) 1,488 (977-2,186)
Maldives 8 (4-17) 9 (4-17) 7 (4-12) 8 (4-12)
Mauritius 156 (114-235) 194 (148-253) 251 (173-315) 263 (196-341)
Myanmar 9,382 (4,307-18,218) 11,814 (5,267-22,841) 14,916 (6,173-30,585) 17,411 (6,684-37,173)
Philippines 2,623 (1,995-3,691) 3,316 (2,636-4,660) 6,509 (4,603-7,924) 9,173 (6,458-11,939)
Seychelles 4 (3-7) 6 (4-10) 9 (6-13) 14 (9-20)
Sri Lanka 1,047 (785-1,387) 1,123 (834-1,758) 2,942 (1,516-4,190) 3,435 (1,648-5,191)
Thailand 6,959 (4,907-9,214) 9,176 (6,312-11,770) 9,240 (6,923-13,738) 11,507 (7,738-16,920)
Timor-Leste 39 (22-64) 46 (27-76) 48 (28-78) 61 (36-97)
Viet Nam 8,164 (4,548-13,536) 9,878 (5,732-16,101) 12,892 (7,745-20,638) 14,098 (8,357-23,161)
Australasia     
Australia 1,397 (1,081-1,823) 1,336 (1,078-1,716) 1,417 (1,098-1,750) 1,628 (1,197-2,091)
New Zealand 172 (128-225) 174 (137-219) 191 (144-235) 208 (150-270)
Caribbean     
Antigua and Barbuda 7 (5-10) 6 (4-7) 6 (5-8) 8 (6-11)
Bahamas 37 (24-52) 31 (22-42) 24 (16-35) 21 (13-33)
Barbados 22 (16-31) 27 (20-35) 33 (23-44) 32 (22-43)
Belize 9 (7-13) 10 (7-14) 25 (17-34) 32 (20-44)
Cuba 734 (577-969) 1,023 (809-1,276) 1,217 (957-1,519) 1,393 (1,027-1,803)
Dominica 5 (3-7) 6 (4-8) 7 (5-9) 7 (5-10)
Dominican Republic 738 (565-928) 1,134 (837-1,363) 1,250 (1,007-1,603) 1,576 (1,189-2,302)
Grenada 8 (5-13) 8 (6-12) 12 (8-16) 12 (9-17)
Guyana 141 (98-201) 146 (108-195) 153 (108-202) 171 (117-235)
Haiti 655 (411-1,000) 782 (482-1,220) 823 (557-1,183) 972 (610-1,473)
Jamaica 112 (82-145) 94 (70-125) 118 (79-174) 130 (86-191)
Saint Lucia 18 (13-25) 20 (14-26) 19 (14-26) 18 (12-26)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7 (5-10) 8 (6-12) 12 (8-16) 11 (8-14)
Suriname 47 (34-63) 45 (33-58) 46 (34-61) 40 (28-54)
Trinidad and Tobago 139 (87-185) 120 (91-153) 139 (107-191) 144 (105-199)
Europe, Central     
Albania 127 (75-206) 145 (98-203) 148 (91-226) 192 (114-306)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 580 (383-848) 606 (457-792) 603 (398-882) 654 (417-988)
Bulgaria 1,467 (1,163-2,036) 1,808 (1,428-2,267) 1,727 (1,356-2,183) 1,678 (1,225-2,115)
Croatia 1,488 (1,086-1,995) 1,555 (1,250-1,914) 1,506 (1,216-1,851) 1,292 (1,011-1,625)
Czech Republic 2,202 (1,631-2,995) 2,136 (1,739-2,868) 2,083 (1,631-2,543) 2,139 (1,539-2,641)
Hungary 4,031 (3,102-6,023) 5,773 (4,755-7,167) 6,306 (4,693-7,379) 4,800 (3,749-5,834)
Macedonia 111 (77-153) 126 (93-167) 160 (121-205) 151 (109-206)
Montenegro 22 (12-35) 24 (14-38) 30 (19-46) 27 (17-42)
Poland 5,136 (3,939-6,717) 5,781 (4,719-7,920) 6,981 (5,260-8,881) 7,604 (5,223-9,874)
Romania 7,083 (5,737-9,379) 8,450 (7,000-10,818) 10,904 (8,543-12,967) 10,558 (8,090-12,547)
Serbia 822 (537-1,212) 854 (607-1,185) 1,041 (833-1,378) 951 (721-1,203)
Slovakia 1,387 (997-1,835) 1,574 (1,211-2,028) 1,444 (1,162-1,790) 1,524 (1,164-1,870)
Slovenia 856 (641-1,108) 767 (616-945) 710 (574-875) 583 (449-729)
Europe, Eastern     
Belarus 807 (609-1,058) 852 (666-1,211) 1,603 (1,218-2,021) 2,341 (1,268-3,134)
Estonia 135 (97-206) 134 (97-212) 268 (183-332) 205 (108-277)
Latvia 247 (187-338) 244 (188-350) 375 (276-460) 350 (207-462)
Lithuania 354 (259-518) 378 (283-595) 627 (465-764) 894 (466-1,195)
Moldova 2,704 (2,141-3,331) 3,048 (2,490-3,597) 2,880 (2,344-3,443) 3,331 (2,698-4,063)
Russian Federation 17,308 (13,570-23,156) 17,145 (13,447-24,683) 33,678 (26,450-42,092) 34,770 (20,997-45,456)
Ukraine 8,331 (6,432-11,298) 8,659 (6,837-12,325) 14,521 (11,158-17,879) 13,287 (7,915-17,374)
Europe, Western     
Andorra 3 (2-5) 5 (3-8) 6 (4-10) 9 (5-14)
Austria 2,572 (2,082-3,268) 2,266 (1,833-2,763) 2,050 (1,657-2,504) 1,890 (1,514-2,363)
Belgium 1,890 (1,524-2,448) 1,735 (1,400-2,128) 1,706 (1,315-2,165) 1,761 (1,310-2,285)
Cyprus 45 (27-72) 44 (27-68) 60 (40-87) 65 (45-91)
Denmark 674 (516-1,009) 789 (642-1,030) 972 (702-1,158) 920 (626-1,192)
Finland 429 (288-771) 656 (514-890) 756 (549-911) 987 (542-1,293)
France 16,684 (12,009-20,184) 12,311 (10,026-15,212) 11,997 (9,886-15,437) 11,576 (9,080-15,245)
Germany 21,740 (17,542-28,243) 20,934 (17,294-26,172) 21,361 (16,753-25,370) 19,020 (14,991-23,196)
Greece 1,401 (1,024-1,698) 1,488 (1,126-1,764) 1,312 (1,080-1,815) 1,376 (1,073-1,920)
Iceland 7 (5-9) 8 (6-10) 7 (5-9) 8 (6-11)
Ireland 212 (163-299) 197 (156-270) 273 (198-336) 346 (200-459)
Israel 358 (277-476) 417 (340-523) 639 (494-768) 606 (464-760)
Italy 20,244 (14,594-25,318) 16,935 (13,399-19,986) 13,911 (11,550-18,249) 13,539 (10,719-17,927)
Luxembourg 99 (75-130) 91 (69-116) 93 (69-115) 88 (63-113)
Malta 37 (27-49) 30 (22-38) 35 (26-45) 37 (27-48)
Netherlands 1,029 (752-1,518) 1,187 (884-1,695) 1,512 (1,080-2,003) 1,535 (1,046-2,062)
Norway 280 (214-397) 327 (257-418) 350 (263-423) 343 (245-434)
Portugal 3,171 (2,414-3,828) 3,027 (2,331-3,609) 2,500 (2,086-3,352) 2,409 (1,918-3,230)
Spain 9,964 (7,344-12,243) 10,091 (7,806-12,011) 9,181 (7,581-11,904) 8,853 (7,063-11,774)
Sweden 909 (691-1,242) 844 (687-1,100) 887 (688-1,086) 943 (663-1,162)
Switzerland 884 (686-1,136) 767 (625-1,024) 828 (645-1,011) 790 (587-1,012)
United Kingdom 5,426 (4,054-8,663) 5,985 (4,829-8,262) 7,944 (5,684-9,478) 8,567 (5,396-10,952)
Latin America, Andean     
Bolivia 873 (549-1,333) 1,064 (667-1,605) 1,364 (845-2,098) 1,495 (901-2,360)
Ecuador 793 (603-1,152) 1,145 (918-1,468) 1,661 (1,255-2,005) 2,062 (1,471-2,579)
Peru 1,774 (1,408-2,383) 2,156 (1,756-3,004) 3,472 (2,546-4,107) 4,381 (3,213-5,601)
Latin America, Central     
Colombia 1,503 (1,159-2,040) 2,003 (1,646-2,653) 2,880 (2,217-3,510) 3,674 (2,672-4,600)
Costa Rica 196 (146-280) 308 (247-394) 503 (382-607) 687 (493-858)
El Salvador 567 (404-865) 596 (448-863) 939 (652-1,189) 1,087 (773-1,464)
Guatemala 1,035 (674-1,821) 1,605 (1,266-2,064) 2,283 (1,701-2,796) 3,201 (2,268-4,154)
Honduras 302 (213-417) 451 (323-611) 665 (404-1,051) 893 (539-1,433)
Mexico 20,024 (16,207-25,646) 21,035 (17,136-26,026) 27,583 (21,630-32,585) 36,157 (28,929-45,043)
Nicaragua 349 (242-509) 378 (291-532) 668 (489-817) 938 (667-1,231)
Panama 135 (102-178) 180 (135-236) 122 (90-160) 286 (206-372)
Venezuela 1,278 (995-1,688) 1,759 (1,366-2,168) 2,308 (1,808-2,911) 3,527 (2,581-4,622)
Latin America, Southern     
Argentina 5,089 (3,918-6,362) 4,693 (3,863-6,133) 5,720 (4,572-7,075) 6,520 (4,879-8,038)
Chile 3,669 (2,837-4,565) 3,554 (2,948-4,501) 3,700 (2,926-4,469) 4,082 (3,133-5,176)
Uruguay 414 (325-554) 471 (371-588) 496 (383-614) 489 (359-645)
Latin America, Tropical     
Brazil 13,394 (10,329-18,395) 16,615 (13,149-21,424) 23,325 (17,877-28,906) 29,075 (21,227-36,547)
Paraguay 170 (119-235) 205 (149-276) 350 (251-458) 556 (372-798)
North Africa/Middle East     
Afghanistan 1,863 (998-3,238) 1,581 (852-2,762) 3,085 (1,611-5,517) 3,688 (1,952-6,493)
Algeria 1,432 (782-2,491) 788 (441-1,325) 1,031 (633-1,611) 1,248 (800-1,873)
Bahrain 14 (9-21) 22 (14-32) 28 (19-37) 34 (24-48)
Egypt 23,895 (14,900-39,647) 27,385 (18,873-39,451) 30,514 (24,370-37,617) 41,844 (32,811-50,462)
Iran, Islamic Republic of 1,985 (1,313-2,780) 2,333 (1,520-3,421) 2,540 (1,916-3,551) 2,801 (1,785-4,295)
Iraq 505 (283-845) 608 (342-1,018) 756 (435-1,230) 968 (549-1,603)
Jordan 244 (139-413) 194 (114-313) 249 (159-376) 321 (211-471)
Kuwait 55 (39-77) 44 (32-64) 75 (55-98) 128 (85-171)
Lebanon 153 (92-237) 152 (92-237) 206 (126-322) 235 (144-365)
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 135 (75-224) 177 (96-296) 253 (148-404) 385 (226-616)
Morocco 2,550 (1,496-4,254) 2,503 (1,524-4,046) 2,819 (1,813-4,226) 3,363 (2,285-4,824)
Occupied Palestinian Territory 133 (67-250) 150 (80-268) 180 (106-300) 254 (159-395)
Oman 71 (37-125) 78 (45-129) 73 (46-112) 172 (113-255)
Qatar 11 (5-19) 13 (7-23) 21 (13-33) 37 (23-58)
Saudi Arabia 533 (307-890) 744 (447-1,204) 987 (614-1,528) 1,023 (637-1,601)
Syrian Arab Republic 437 (290-633) 626 (378-1,014) 556 (340-889) 559 (362-861)
Tunisia 340 (203-531) 385 (232-595) 539 (332-838) 674 (401-1,079)
Turkey 2,716 (1,774-3,767) 2,680 (1,982-3,402) 2,794 (2,174-3,674) 3,130 (2,313-4,350)
United Arab Emirates 53 (24-101) 99 (53-171) 148 (84-250) 269 (140-479)
Yemen 748 (290-1,694) 841 (322-1,969) 1,306 (536-3,064) 1,692 (694-3,948)
North America, High Income     
Canada 3,155 (2,387-3,907) 2,957 (2,422-3,741) 3,376 (2,721-4,144) 3,830 (2,901-4,925)
United States 37,419 (29,264-46,791) 35,496 (29,091-44,976) 39,663 (31,542-48,977) 49,538 (36,338-61,188)
Oceania     
Fiji 50 (26-99) 61 (34-104) 74 (45-116) 72 (43-116)
Kiribati 14 (7-27) 17 (10-29) 18 (10-31) 19 (10-36)
Marshall Islands 4 (3-8) 6 (3-9) 6 (4-11) 8 (4-13)
Micronesia, Federated States of 14 (7-29) 19 (9-37) 19 (9-36) 19 (9-37)
Papua New Guinea 620 (313-1,175) 971 (479-1,841) 1,379 (636-2,665) 1,820 (833-3,576)
Samoa 17 (10-28) 23 (14-38) 22 (13-37) 21 (12-35)
Solomon Islands 41 (19-78) 57 (27-109) 67 (32-128) 89 (41-175)
Tonga 13 (7-21) 13 (8-20) 14 (9-21) 15 (9-23)
Vanuatu 19 (7-39) 28 (12-57) 31 (15-61) 37 (18-74)
Sub-Saharan Africa, Central     
Angola 1,003 (489-1,895) 1,348 (639-2,700) 1,511 (711-2,967) 1,949 (946-3,660)
Central African Republic 398 (211-683) 575 (314-958) 729 (396-1,229) 997 (516-1,733)
Congo 274 (154-446) 404 (236-646) 543 (315-880) 677 (392-1,090)
Congo, the Democratic Republic of 3,185 (1,812-5,312) 4,011 (2,275-6,721) 4,989 (2,774-8,399) 7,476 (4,102-12,774)
Equatorial Guinea 30 (8-65) 55 (15-128) 48 (13-99) 75 (18-159)
Gabon 165 (83-292) 195 (104-333) 252 (138-426) 375 (199-638)
Sub-Saharan Africa, East     
Burundi 836 (231-2,017) 1,072 (311-2,484) 1,108 (329-2,588) 1,355 (466-2,975)
Comoros 29 (6-61) 34 (7-72) 40 (8-83) 59 (12-123)
Djibouti 26 (13-47) 50 (25-92) 77 (38-141) 105 (50-198)
Eritrea 339 (156-599) 331 (152-594) 332 (150-593) 518 (232-946)
Ethiopia 8,048 (4,850-13,046) 9,881 (6,095-15,465) 10,683 (6,632-16,491) 12,585 (7,712-19,507)
Kenya 1,127 (586-1,943) 1,391 (727-2,401) 1,996 (1,009-3,631) 2,715 (1,400-4,762)
Madagascar 1,224 (665-2,101) 1,393 (763-2,379) 1,581 (866-2,679) 2,129 (1,144-3,673)
Malawi 878 (455-1,557) 1,309 (689-2,293) 2,179 (1,157-3,738) 2,671 (1,459-4,560)
Mozambique 1,457 (656-3,029) 1,600 (730-3,327) 2,094 (1,072-4,054) 2,625 (1,316-5,252)
Rwanda 977 (441-1,823) 1,231 (607-2,167) 1,077 (537-1,877) 888 (462-1,506)
Somalia 633 (292-1,232) 692 (316-1,359) 795 (368-1,571) 1,002 (452-1,979)
Sudan 1,556 (703-2,928) 1,924 (927-3,426) 2,202 (1,106-3,849) 2,738 (1,368-4,750)
Tanzania, United Republic of 2,063 (1,184-3,500) 2,769 (1,666-4,416) 3,024 (1,981-4,422) 3,690 (2,236-5,805)
Uganda 1,912 (867-3,624) 2,545 (1,149-4,934) 3,921 (1,839-7,315) 4,891 (2,356-8,929)
Zambia 738 (405-1,262) 1,191 (663-2,017) 1,937 (1,069-3,292) 1,973 (1,127-3,276)
Sub-Saharan Africa, Southern     
Botswana 37 (22-61) 47 (27-76) 108 (55-188) 94 (47-164)
Lesotho 77 (38-138) 92 (45-161) 143 (67-258) 194 (88-353)
Namibia 48 (25-83) 62 (33-104) 124 (65-208) 134 (72-222)
South Africa 2,098 (1,288-3,291) 2,430 (1,591-3,511) 3,623 (2,702-4,836) 3,266 (2,174-5,148)
Swaziland 58 (26-132) 73 (32-167) 167 (72-379) 238 (101-533)
Zimbabwe 833 (464-1,336) 693 (437-1,031) 1,217 (665-2,016) 2,302 (1,271-3,887)
Sub-Saharan Africa, West     
Benin 542 (287-1,015) 557 (285-1,026) 750 (404-1,344) 963 (537-1,715)
Burkina Faso 1,123 (597-2,117) 1,249 (670-2,206) 1,656 (899-2,906) 2,264 (1,232-4,062)
Cameroon 2,235 (801-6,085) 2,180 (856-5,133) 2,791 (990-6,218) 3,700 (1,288-8,267)
Cape Verde 20 (6-41) 23 (5-49) 25 (3-57) 34 (4-78)
Chad 622 (340-1,122) 704 (394-1,210) 1,012 (547-1,825) 1,394 (729-2,560)
Côte d’Ivoire 1,219 (656-2,185) 1,856 (1,006-3,333) 3,448 (1,833-6,154) 4,258 (2,307-7,488)
Gambia 86 (39-178) 100 (45-206) 127 (53-271) 156 (63-326)
Ghana 1,243 (557-2,383) 1,757 (928-2,994) 2,210 (1,327-3,512) 4,060 (2,364-6,478)
Guinea 631 (332-1,178) 700 (375-1,242) 946 (510-1,702) 1,157 (633-2,095)
Guinea-Bissau 137 (64-267) 148 (69-285) 166 (71-342) 216 (92-450)
Liberia 210 (109-399) 240 (129-421) 315 (172-547) 470 (262-824)
Mali 1,605 (797-3,169) 1,406 (724-2,638) 1,455 (763-2,595) 1,703 (912-2,987)
Mauritania 179 (97-326) 212 (119-367) 264 (146-470) 373 (205-670)
Niger 858 (437-1,651) 917 (462-1,722) 1,132 (572-2,145) 1,457 (771-2,685)
Nigeria 10,411 (4,951-19,412) 12,719 (6,263-24,695) 15,185 (6,851-30,731) 19,854 (8,489-40,832)
Sao Tome and Principe 12 (6-22) 13 (6-23) 14 (6-26) 14 (6-28)
Senegal 652 (314-1,209) 705 (334-1,308) 851 (349-1,641) 1,080 (445-2,122)
Sierra Leone 742 (373-1,470) 774 (416-1,414) 697 (373-1,229) 945 (515-1,634)
Togo 418 (226-767) 475 (265-843) 563 (310-996) 795 (432-1,430)
Global 676,079 (452,863-1,004,530) 776,054 (547,470-1,074,719) 928,117 (654,382-1,270,701) 1,029,042 (670,216-1,554,530)