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Table 4 Global, region, and country-level age standardized mortality rate (per 100,000) for both sexes and percent change (Δ)

From: Liver cirrhosis mortality in 187 countries between 1980 and 2010: a systematic analysis

Country 1980 1990 2000 2010 % Δ 1980 to 2010 % Δ 1990 to 2010
Asia Pacific, High Income 21.2 16.8 12.6 10.3 -51.5 -38.9
Brunei Darussalam 10.3 7.8 6.5 5.8 -44.2 -25.8
Japan 15.3 12.1 9.4 8.6 -43.4 -28.4
Korea, Republic of 52.3 39 25.1 15.2 -70.9 -61
Singapore 11.2 7.7 5.1 4.4 -60.9 -43.2
Asia, Central 26.3 25.4 33.7 33.7 28.4 32.7
Armenia 13.5 13.7 15.5 18.8 40.1 37.1
Azerbaijan 25.4 28.4 32.3 27.3 7.5 -3.9
Georgia 20.1 21.1 17.4 18.9 -6 -10.2
Kazakhstan 23.5 20.5 31.9 32.5 38.3 58.4
Kyrgyzstan 31 30.9 44.2 46.1 48.7 49.1
Mongolia 44 40.4 56 55.1 25.3 36.4
Tajikistan 23.9 24 29.3 31.7 32.4 31.8
Turkmenistan 37.7 36.2 47.6 39.3 4.5 8.6
Uzbekistan 31.2 30.9 40.6 40 28.2 29.4
Asia, East 21.2 19.9 14 8.2 -61.3 -58.8
China 21 19.7 13.6 7.7 -63.1 -60.6
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic 21.2 20 19.2 18.7 -11.9 -6.5
Taiwan 34.4 31.6 25.4 20.2 -41.3 -36.3
Asia, South 18.8 19.4 22.9 21.3 12.8 9.7
Bangladesh 31.3 38.8 26.1 24.2 -22.8 -37.7
Bhutan 27.2 24.8 21.9 20.8 -23.8 -16.4
India 17.1 16.9 21.9 20.2 17.9 19.4
Nepal 19.9 20.2 18.3 17.1 -14.4 -15.4
Pakistan 21.7 22.4 29.3 28.5 31.3 27.5
Asia, Southeast 22.1 22.5 22.7 21.3 -3.3 -5
Cambodia 18.3 16.7 16.6 16.3 -11.4 -2.5
Indonesia 19.8 22.4 24.3 24.8 25.1 10.6
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 26.3 23.8 22.1 19.6 -25.5 -17.7
Malaysia 11.5 10 8.2 7.2 -37.6 -28.8
Maldives 8.3 6.7 4.3 3.7 -55 -44.5
Mauritius 27.1 26.2 24.4 19.2 -29.2 -26.8
Myanmar 45.6 47.7 47.6 42.6 -6.7 -10.7
Philippines 10.9 10.1 15.1 15.6 43 53.7
Seychelles 13.4 16.8 23.9 31.2 133.1 85.8
Sri Lanka 11 8.8 17.6 15.9 44.7 80.4
Thailand 24.1 22.4 15.6 14.6 -39.5 -34.8
Timor-Leste 14.5 13.4 12 11 -24.3 -18.1
Viet Nam 24.3 24 23.6 18.5 -23.7 -22.8
Australasia 8.4 6.4 5.2 4.6 -45.5 -28.1
Australia 9.1 6.8 5.5 4.9 -46.1 -28
New Zealand 5.2 4.3 3.7 3.1 -41.3 -28.9
Caribbean 14.5 15.2 13.7 12.7 -12.6 -16.3
Antigua and Barbuda 14.4 11.6 9.9 9.8 -32 -15.3
Bahamas 30.1 18.4 9 6.1 -79.9 -67
Barbados 9.4 10.8 10.3 8.5 -9.6 -21.9
Belize 11.5 10.1 19.5 17.2 49.9 70.5
Cuba 8.7 9.8 9.7 8.8 1.2 -10
Dominica 9.4 10.6 11.4 10.4 11.6 -1.5
Dominican Republic 26.9 28.9 21.6 19.6 -26.9 -32
Grenada 12.9 11 14.8 14 8.6 27.6
Guyana 33.5 32.2 29.9 30.7 -8.4 -4.9
Haiti 19.5 19.3 17 16.4 -16 -15.4
Jamaica 7 4.8 5.1 4.9 -30.2 2.7
Saint Lucia 25.8 19.7 15.5 11.4 -56 -42.3
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 10.7 11.6 13.8 10.8 1.8 -6.8
Suriname 21.8 16.4 13 8.9 -59.4 -46
Trinidad and Tobago 18.9 14.2 13.3 11 -41.9 -22.4
Europe, Central 19.3 20.6 21.4 18.4 -4.9 -10.8
Albania 7.4 6.5 5.4 5.4 -26.1 -16.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 18.6 14.9 13 11.4 -38.9 -23.7
Bulgaria 12.9 14.8 14.1 13.6 5.3 -8
Croatia 28 26.4 22.4 17.8 -36.5 -32.8
Czech Republic 17.3 16.5 14.8 13.2 -23.4 -19.8
Hungary 29.9 43.7 46 32.8 9.5 -25.1
Macedonia 7.3 6.8 6.9 5.5 -24.8 -19.6
Montenegro 4 3.7 4.1 3.2 -20.3 -14.1
Poland 13.2 13.3 14.5 13.8 4 3.6
Romania 28.6 30.5 37.1 33.5 17 9.8
Serbia 8.3 7.4 7.6 6.7 -19.5 -10.3
Slovakia 26.7 28.1 22.9 20.6 -22.7 -26.4
Slovenia 41 31.8 25.8 17.7 -56.7 -44.2
Europe, Eastern 12.6 11.3 19.8 20 58.5 77.5
Belarus 7.5 6.9 12.9 18.2 143.3 165.8
Estonia 7.7 6.8 14.8 10.8 40.5 57.8
Latvia 7.9 7.1 11.6 10.9 37.3 53.8
Lithuania 9.3 8.8 14.6 20.2 117.7 130
Moldova 70 68.2 62 71.2 1.7 4.3
Russian Federation 11.3 9.7 18.5 18.6 64.4 91.4
Ukraine 14 13 23.2 22.1 58.3 70
Europe, Western 17.9 14.7 12.6 10.2 -42.9 -30.5
Andorra 6.9 6.7 5.8 5.2 -24.4 -22.8
Austria 25.5 21.6 17.4 13.4 -47.5 -38
Belgium 13.8 11.6 10.8 9.3 -32.6 -20
Cyprus 6.7 5.6 6.4 6 -11.6 6.6
Denmark 10.6 11.8 12.8 10.6 0.2 -10.2
Finland 7.7 10.2 10.2 11.8 53.3 15.5
France 24.5 16.3 13.8 11.2 -54.3 -31.2
Germany 19.8 18.2 16.4 12.4 -37.6 -32.1
Greece 10.4 9.3 6.9 6 -41.8 -34.7
Iceland 2.7 2.5 2 1.7 -35 -30.4
Ireland 5.7 4.8 5.9 6 5 25.5
Israel 10.3 8.5 8.8 6.3 -38.6 -26
Italy 26.8 19.1 13 10.2 -61.9 -46.6
Luxembourg 20.7 17.6 15.4 11.4 -44.8 -35.2
Malta 11.3 7.3 6.7 5.3 -52.6 -26.7
Netherlands 6.1 5.9 6.4 5.2 -14 -10.9
Norway 5.2 5.4 5.1 4.2 -19.3 -22.4
Portugal 27.6 23.1 16.4 13.6 -50.8 -41.1
Spain 22.3 18.8 14 10.8 -51.5 -42.4
Sweden 7.7 6.3 5.7 5.4 -30.6 -14.6
Switzerland 10.5 8.2 7.5 5.8 -44.9 -29.4
United Kingdom 6.9 7.1 9.2 9 31.2 27.7
Latin America, Andean 20.5 19.5 21.6 19.6 -4.1 0.5
Bolivia 29.4 28.1 27.9 23.5 -20.1 -16.5
Ecuador 17.6 19.1 19.9 17.8 1 -6.9
Peru 19.1 17.2 20.5 19.4 1.4 12.9
Latin America, Central 35.2 29.4 28.6 27.5 -21.9 -6.5
Colombia 10.3 10.6 11.4 10.4 1.6 -1.2
Costa Rica 13.7 15.8 17.8 16.6 21.3 4.5
El Salvador 21.4 18.1 22.4 21.9 2.3 20.7
Guatemala 26.6 32.7 36 37.4 40.7 14.4
Honduras 18.6 20.3 21.2 20.4 9.3 0.3
Mexico 53.4 42.2 40.3 38.3 -28.3 -9.1
Nicaragua 24 20 25.6 26 8 29.6
Panama 11.6 11.8 5.4 9.6 -17.6 -18.9
Venezuela 17.2 16.5 14.6 15.3 -10.7 -7
Latin America, Southern 24 18.9 17.4 15.9 -33.8 -16
Argentina 18.9 14.5 14.7 14 -26.1 -3.7
Chile 45.9 34.9 26.9 21.8 -52.5 -37.5
Uruguay 12.3 12.3 11.5 10.2 -17.3 -16.9
Latin America, Tropical 17.3 16.3 16.9 15.8 -8.8 -3.3
Brazil 17.5 16.5 17.1 15.9 -9.2 -3.9
Paraguay 10 8.9 10.9 12.5 24.7 39.6
North Africa/Middle East 28.7 25 21.5 20.2 -29.6 -19.1
Afghanistan 26.2 25.6 29.7 26.9 2.9 5.5
Algeria 11.4 5.3 5.7 5.1 -55.1 -4.2
Bahrain 9.4 10.3 8.5 5.2 -45.1 -49.7
Egypt 98 87.3 72.9 72.7 -25.9 -16.8
Iran, Islamic Republic of 8.8 7.8 6.6 5.2 -40.7 -33.5
Iraq 6.2 6.4 6 6 -3.2 -5.9
Jordan 20.9 11.3 10.5 10 -52 -11.3
Kuwait 10.3 5.5 7.9 9.7 -5.7 75.3
Lebanon 8.5 7.6 6.9 6.2 -27.5 -19.5
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 10.4 9.4 9.5 9.9 -5.4 5
Morocco 21.4 17.8 15.8 14.3 -33.4 -19.8
Occupied Palestinian Territory 17.3 15.4 12.3 13.1 -24.7 -15
Oman 11.5 10.1 7.9 13.1 14.7 29.8
Qatar 14.3 8.5 10 7.4 -47.8 -12.8
Saudi Arabia 12.3 11.6 11.4 8 -34.8 -30.7
Syrian Arab Republic 9.5 10.2 6.8 4.7 -50.3 -53.7
Tunisia 9.6 7.6 7.6 7.2 -24.5 -5.2
Turkey 10.3 8 6.5 5.2 -49 -34.7
United Arab Emirates 15.6 14.7 13.8 11.1 -28.3 -24.2
Yemen 19.4 17.1 16.7 16.6 -14.4 -3.2
North America, High Income 14.6 11.5 10.5 10.8 -25.8 -6.3
Canada 12.3 8.9 7.9 6.9 -44.5 -23.1
United States 14.8 11.8 10.8 11.3 -23.9 -4.8
Oceania 38.4 43.4 44 41.5 8.1 -4.6
Fiji 15.6 15.3 14.6 11.2 -28 -26.7
Kiribati 54.8 50.6 41.8 34.7 -36.7 -31.5
Marshall Islands 35.2 28.3 24.1 21.2 -39.8 -25.3
Micronesia, Federated States of 39.1 39.9 32.1 28.5 -27 -28.5
Papua New Guinea 44.5 51.7 53.6 51 14.5 -1.4
Samoa 28.2 27 21.4 16.6 -41.1 -38.4
Solomon Islands 37.1 39 32.6 30.1 -19 -22.8
Tonga 25.2 23.1 21.7 20.3 -19.3 -12.2
Vanuatu 35.3 36.9 30.9 26.7 -24.3 -27.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, Central 22.9 23.1 22 24.2 5.5 4.5
Angola 24 25.4 22.1 21.6 -10.2 -15
Central African Republic 27.4 32.6 33.3 38.5 40.7 18.2
Congo 26.9 30.4 30.5 29.4 9.6 -3.2
Congo, the Democratic Republic of 21.5 20.6 19.9 22.9 6.7 11
Equatorial Guinea 18.4 24.5 15.1 16.4 -10.9 -33.1
Gabon 30.8 31.6 33.6 38.6 25.5 22.2
Sub-Saharan Africa, East 28 26.7 24.6 23.1 -17.5 -13.4
Burundi 37.4 36.7 35.2 32 -14.6 -13
Comoros 17.3 16.7 15.4 17 -1.8 1.8
Djibouti 17.5 19.1 21.4 21.4 21.9 12
Eritrea 24 22.1 21.3 22.8 -5.3 3
Ethiopia 44.6 41 33.3 29.6 -33.6 -27.8
Kenya 15.3 14 12.9 14.5 -4.8 3.7
Madagascar 26.1 24.1 21.6 21.1 -19.3 -12.6
Malawi 26.3 27.2 37.3 36.6 39.2 34.6
Mozambique 20.7 20.2 21.5 21 1.8 4.1
Rwanda 41.9 39.4 28.4 18.7 -55.3 -52.5
Somalia 19.3 20.7 22.1 22.2 15 7.3
Sudan 15.3 14.4 12.5 11.6 -24.2 -19.4
Tanzania, United Republic of 22.6 22.3 17.5 16.6 -26.7 -25.7
Uganda 32.3 27.3 34.3 36 11.5 31.6
Zambia 25.6 29.5 36.9 32.1 25.4 8.8
Sub-Saharan Africa, Southern 15.3 12.5 13.6 12.9 -15.7 3.6
Botswana 8.9 7.5 9.4 7.2 -19.7 -5
Lesotho 10.4 9.8 12.6 15.4 48.6 57.4
Namibia 8.8 8.8 12.3 10 13.7 13.9
South Africa 13.5 12.1 12.7 8.7 -35.5 -28
Swaziland 20.9 19.1 31.8 37.8 81 97.5
Zimbabwe 25.7 14.7 16.7 33.2 29.1 125.3
Sub-Saharan Africa, West 27.4 24.4 22.8 23.5 -14 -3.6
Benin 25.3 20.9 21.3 21 -16.8 0.5
Burkina Faso 28.9 26 26.8 26.7 -7.7 2.6
Cameroon 42.4 32.5 30.9 32.1 -24.1 -1
Cape Verde 11.4 11.1 9.7 9.8 -13.9 -12.3
Chad 22.8 20.9 22.2 23 1 10.3
Côte d’Ivoire 30.2 29 36.3 36.3 20.3 25.1
Gambia 28.5 24.4 22.1 19.8 -30.3 -18.8
Ghana 21.2 21.8 19.7 26.1 23 19.8
Guinea 24.4 21.2 19.8 21 -13.6 -0.8
Guinea-Bissau 27.3 24.8 22.6 24.2 -11.4 -2.3
Liberia 21.4 21.7 21.9 22.8 6.7 5.5
Mali 39.6 30 24.3 23.4 -40.9 -22
Mauritania 25.4 22.7 19.9 20.2 -20.4 -11.1
Niger 30.1 22.6 18.7 18.5 -38.3 -17.8
Nigeria 24.9 23.1 20.8 21 -15.7 -9.4
Sao Tome and Principe 20.3 18.7 18.2 16.9 -16.9 -9.7
Senegal 24 20.5 18.3 18.9 -21.2 -7.8
Sierra Leone 41.3 36.3 32.1 33 -20.1 -8.9
Togo 30.2 25.5 22.2 22.8 -24.3 -10.5
Global 20 18.6 17.8 15.7 -21.6 -15.8